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I have been granted a German visa three times in 3 years. I have just finished my 2=year medical visa and I decided to visit Berlin for the first time. I usually go to Dusseldorf for my surgery.

I was too confident about the visa because this is my fourth application with the German Embassy.

  1. I did not submit Travel Insurance
  2. I did not include my flight reservation

I had them but the date on my form said 20th November as my travel date, and my flight was mistakenly booked for the 20th of October.

After four days, my passport was returned to me unstamped, and with a refusal letter ticking box 9.

So i was trying to book another appointment immediately to go provide the missing document and to add the document about my landed property and my car, as well as my child's school fee receipt. Then, tonight, I read something about remonstration on the internet.

Should I try the Remonstration process via email attaching all the documents mentioned and including an apology letter for my negligence, or i should just re-apply?

Refusal reason:

Your intention to leave the territory of the Member States before expiry of the visa could not be established.

You have not submitted the documents required to verify their rooting in Nigeria, which are required by the visa procedure. For this reason, it can not be ruled out.

The documents you submit do not allow a sufficient economic roots to be established in Nigeria.

The documents submitted by you are not suitable for the purpose of adequately supporting the specified employment / study period.

Your data do not allow a sufficient family ties to Nigeria.

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To begin, the German embassy checked box 9 on your refusal form. This is...

Your intention to leave the territory of the Member States before the expiry of the visa applied for could not be ascertained.

...which is a delicate way of saying that your risk of overstay is too great to qualify and in turn this means that you failed a risk assessment. You did not include itinerary and insurance evidence, but they did not address these. Instead the notice indicates that there was a significant document shortfall. For whatever reason, it's inferred that they did not find your evidence reliable.

  • The documents you submit do not allow a sufficient economic roots to be established in Nigeria.
  • The documents submitted by you are not suitable for the purpose of adequately supporting the specified employment / study period.

They also point out (somewhat redundantly) that your ties to Nigeria are not strong enough to overcome the level of risk.

What this amalgamates to is that your refusal is not a case of missing a document or other mechanical issue like insurance, but an overall lack of quality and reliability in what you submitted. This would inform your decision about the effectiveness of making a remonstration because that path is effective for simple problems and yours appears to be an 'across the board' type of shortfall.

A remonstration ('aufzeigen', protest, complaint) is essentially a summary and shortened appeal process. You send them a letter explaining how they should have assessed your level of risk and they will reconsider. At the bottom of your refusal you will find the instructions for making a remonstration, you found a reference on the net instead.

You have asked...

Should I try the Remonstration process via email attaching all the documents mentioned and including an apology letter for my negligence, or i should just re-apply?

The answer to this is indeterminate, nothing prevents you from taking either path. If they made a clear error, for example they got your application confused with another applicant, then a remonstration can be especially effective. A remonstration can also be effective if a single piece of reliable evidence can clear everything up. The simpler the case, the more effective a remonstration becomes.

If your remonstration includes a lot of new evidence and written arguments, it becomes tantamount to a fresh application. In that case it becomes more expedient to make a fresh application because the turn-around time is much faster.

The hidden risk in a remonstration is that the clock is always ticking and this means that by the time they get around to processing it, your original premise (along with itinerary and so on) may be out-of-date. If that happens, they will refuse anyway. For example, the surgery has already started, or the reservations are stale, or any other thing could throw your premise out of whack and make your application unreliable. Specifically, in your case, you would be making a bet that they could process the remonstration in your favour by 20 November. Since you already know that they can turn a fresh application around in less than a week, it makes a lot of sense to give more weight to that option.


See also Schengen tourist visa refused. Can I appeal for reconsideration?

See also Schengen Visa Refusal: Does it make sense to appeal?

See also Schengen Visa Refusal: Justification for the purpose and conditions of the intended stay was not reliable

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    It's common for people who have received multiple visas to begin to take less care with their applications and eventually end up with a refusal such as this. I think it's important to stress the importance of making every visa application as perfect as possible, as each will be judged on its own merits. – Michael Hampton Nov 7 '16 at 6:26
  • @MichaelHampton Staff rotation, staff turnover, staff training, and new management policies are more commonly attributed to a sudden reversal of fortune. But you are welcome to edit in your comment into this answer. You are a trusted user on the site :) – Gayot Fow Nov 7 '16 at 6:34
  • Well, the OP did explicitly say that he forgot to include several documents showing his ties to Nigeria that he ought to have included. He can't do anything about embassy staffing or management, but he can get his documents in order. – Michael Hampton Nov 7 '16 at 6:47

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