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I have a complicated situation. I am in Canada now with tourist visa and Iranian passport. I have a letter from government of Spain that let me enter to Spain territory in order to get my Spain residency card.

I want to know, can I get a flight from Canada to Spain trough Germany? (Lufthansa) Transit in Frankfurtenter image description here

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    Can you show the letter you have, with personal information blanked out? It is not quite clear which kind of document you're talking about. – Henning Makholm Apr 10 at 9:37
  • I sent the pic. Generally this letter issue when you have the residency card and wants to leave the country and return when the card was expired to do the necessary action for extension. – Salim Tahamtan Apr 11 at 6:45
  • I came to Canada by Lufthansa and already have a return ticket but I do not know that they accept me on board or not? I asked staff in Canada airport but they did not know even. – Salim Tahamtan Apr 11 at 6:48
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    If you left Europe via Germany, did you have any trouble at Schengen exit control? – krubo Apr 11 at 11:22
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Posting the document was very helpful. For additional protection of your identity, I would suggest that you also blank out your name and the serial number at the top of the document.

The document says:

ESTE DOCUMENTO PERMITE A SU TITULAR LA SALIDA Y EL POSTERIOR REGRESO A ESPAÑA, ÚNICAMENTE POR PUESTOS FRONTERIZOS ESPAÑOLES, SIN NECESIDAD DE VISADO, HASTA EL 04 DE JULIO DE 2019. NO VÁLIDO PARA CIRCULAR POR ESTADOS SCHENGEN.

[my translation] THIS DOCUMENT ALLOWS ITS HOLDER TO EXIT AND SUBSEQUENTLY RETURN TO SPAIN, ONLY BY SPANISH BORDER POSTS, WITHOUT NEED OF VISA, UNTIL 4 JULY 2019. NOT VALID FOR TRAVELING THROUGH SCHENGEN STATES.

The rule stated on the document is clear: You cannot use it to travel through any other Schengen countries, such as Germany. You must use the document to return to Spain via its own border control, meaning a direct entry to Spain from a non-Schengen country. Various flights from Canada to Spain pass through other non-Schengen countries (such as the US, UK, or Ireland); however, those countries have their own visa requirements for citizens of Iran, even for transit. Therefore, the clear solution is to get a nonstop flight from Canada to Spain.

Lufthansa has a codesharing arrangement with Air Canada, so you might be able to change your existing ticket to a nonstop flight, rather than having to buy a whole new ticket.

EDIT: I notice the document has its own translation of the above rule into English, saying "This paper allows to its holder the entry and the later return to Spain, only through spanish crossing borders, no need for visa, from 04 07 2019 No longer valid for roaming the Schengen territory." This unclear English might lead you to think it was valid for all of Schengen before 4 July, but it is simply a poor translation. The rule in Spanish and the translation in French are clear that the document is never valid for other travel in Schengen.

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Generally, if you arrive in Germany on an international flight, and want to continue on a flight within the Schengen zone (which a flight Germany-Spain is), you have to enter Schengen and you need a proper entry document for that. If the document for Spain doesn't allow entry to other Schengen countries, and you don't fulfill visa-free requirements, you need to obtain a proper Schengen visa (note that in your case it's not a transit, thus a transit visa would not be enough).

Second alternative is to book a direct flight to Spain without connections in other Schengen countries. Air Canada for example flies from Toronto to Barcelona (probably also from other Canadian airports).

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