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I am a US citizen living abroad. They no longer stamp your passport when coming and going from the US and I need to know the dates I was in country for taxes. Is there a way to find out this information?

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    File a Freedom of Information Act records request. Will take you up to six or more months to receive the it. – user 56513 Mar 12 '17 at 23:32
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    Unless you are driving in and out, your flight tickets should be good indicators. – user13044 Mar 13 '17 at 0:56
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    I get mine from my frequent flyer account records and/or from the "My Timeline" feature of Google maps which collects its data by spying on the location of my Android phone. You might doubt the wisdom of the latter (I do) but it does give me an accurate record. – Dennis Mar 13 '17 at 0:57
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    From transactions on your credit-card statements. (If you need old (>12mth) ones, and you didn't keep the old statements, the bank can do it on request, for a fee) – smci Mar 13 '17 at 2:15
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    And, obviously, the solution for the future is to keep your own records of when you were in the US. – David Richerby Mar 13 '17 at 8:28
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Unfortunately, there is no super quick way.

You could make a request under the Privacy Act/Freedom of Information Act to obtain your records from Customs and Border Protection. The relevant webpage for CBP records specifically lists "Information Regarding Entry and Exit" and "Passenger Name Record (PNR) (Travel Industry Reservation Data)" as types of records you can request. This should give you what you're looking for (though note that some exits through the Mexican or Canadian land borders may not always be recorded, so you'll need to fill in the gaps for any such trips). Note that CBP has a significant records request backlog, to the extent that they've been sued for failure to respond to many such requests. It looks like they've managed to reduce the backlog since then, but I would not count on a rapid response.

If CBP can't respond quickly enough, you might be able to reconstruct this information from the airlines. If you stick with one airline (or one alliance), your frequent flyer account will show you the all flights you've taken, and you can usually access your statements online. With multiple airlines, you'll need to check the statements for each one. You could also gather information from your email account (confirmations of flight ticket purchases), credit card statements (purchases in various countries), discarded boarding passes in the bottom of your bag, crumpled up receipts in your wallet, etc...

One note for future readers is that that non-citizens who were in the US as non-immigrant visitors might, depending on the details of their status and other particulars, be able to get this information from the I-94 website.

Many expats who may be close to physical presence thresholds for tax purposes will keep their own records and retain evidence from the airlines to make this process easier. If you might be in a similar situation in the future, it's probably a good idea to start your own log.

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    you claim that "non-citizens may be able to get this information from the I-94 website.", this is technically incorrect. There are non-citizens, which do not have I-94 records (e.g. US nationals, green card holders). I suggest to correct it to "most people who traveled to the US in non-immigrant statuses may be able to ... " – mzu Mar 13 '17 at 2:16
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    @mzu I said "may" for precisely this reason, as there are also plenty of good reasons non-citizens "may not" be able to use the I-94 website for this purpose. The word "may" implies that it may or may not be possible. I'll try to emphasize this fact more. – Zach Lipton Mar 13 '17 at 4:06

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