Customs cards for countries with sensitive ecosystems like Australia or New Zealand require passengers to declare items that have been used outdoors, including hiking boots or diving equipment (e.g. a freediving/snorkeling mask). There's nothing on the form about whether these items have been cleaned or not, which makes it a waste of time for everyone (the passenger and the customs personnel) to declare a cleaned pair of hiking shoes, for example.
Should passengers still declare these? What happens if you don't declare a pair of shoes you've used to hike 2 weeks ago but have thoroughly washed since?