I'm an Indian citizen applying for UK visitor visa with my wife in United States. I'm sponsoring my wife for the trip.

I've managed to get through most of the application (big thanks to the answer from this forum!) but had some questions on the Income section.

Both my wife and I have varying monthly (after-tax) amounts. My wife has a job with hourly pay whereas my pay check varies because of yearly bonus, year-end tax deductions, varying 401k contributions et all.

So, what should I fill out for "Monthly income (after-tax)" amount for our applications respectively?

Should I:

  • Calculate the average of the last 6 months, use that amount and mention that in the cover letter?

  • How should I handle my pay check with the yearly bonus? Should I include that in the average calculations?

  • Or is there any other way to do represent this?

(Edited) - I was also thinking of mentioning the amount reflected in my paychecks before the updates to year-end tax deductions & 401k in the application. I'd then have to explain that in the cover letter. Would that be feasible?

  • 1
    Your bonus is not part of your regular income. You should estimate what is your monthly income - and more importantly, your bank statements should show this income (or approximation of) being deposited. The idea here is not the exact amount but rather a sufficient amount such that the trip is not a burden on you financially. The officer will be looking at your overall economic circumstances; and I am sure they are aware that there are people that receive varying incomes (for example, people working on commission and non-salaried staff). Jan 10, 2018 at 6:09
  • As noted by @BurhanKhalid and in GayotFow's coverage, your monthly income is your net, not your gross. You cannot spend deductions, and your payslips and bank statements will reflect what is coming in, net income. Last year's bonus might show as a larger deposit, and that is an item which you should explain, so that it is not viewed as funds parking. Your wife, an hourly employee, should show an average, after deductions, but only if her hours are irregular. Explaining finances in a cover letter is superfluous and, potentially, risky, as it can suggest irregularities, when there are none.
    – Giorgio
    Jan 10, 2018 at 17:51
  • @Giorgio That makes sense. From the comment above and GayotFow's blog post below, we're going to go with averaging the last 6 months pay after tax & deductions and using that number as the net income. Furthermore, I'm hoping that payslips would be enough in explaining the large deposit since they're itemized and have a separate row for the bonus. Do you think that'd be enough?
    – theShire
    Jan 11, 2018 at 0:19
  • Yes, don't overthink it; you're living and working in the US; just remember to review the visitor supporting documents guide as you prep your application
    – Giorgio
    Jan 11, 2018 at 0:43

1 Answer 1


As is becoming traditional, our member-on-sabbatical, Gayot Fow, wrote an excellent answer on his blog. Given the explicit permission at the foot of the original article I quote most of it here. Everything below the line is his.

By way of background, large portions of the UK rules are left ambiguous by design and intent, and the computation of monthly income falls into that category. Unlike other visa applications, say those in the Points-Based System, there are no published guidelines that specify a methodology. It is therefore down to the applicant to produce a monthly income figure that is (1) reasonably calculated; (2) gained legally; (3) absolutely and fundamentally provable and supported by high-quality evidence. People will often fail on item (3), but that’s a topic for a future article.

His questions (and my answers) are…

Calculate the average of the last 6 months, use that amount and mention that in the cover letter?

This is fine as long as the 3 conditions above are met. Evidence can always be improved if supported by a recent tax return so consider adding this to your evidence.

I wouldn’t put that kind of detail in your cover letter because it will unnecessarily clutter things. If you feel the number needs an explanation, consider adding an addendum page to your cover letter that details the steps you took.

How should I handle my pay check with the yearly bonus? Should I include that in the average calculations?

Hmmm… what does ‘yearly’ mean to you? It means something like ‘annual’, right? Those terms do not fall into the meaning of ‘monthly’ because annual bonuses are not part of your monthly income. That’s why they call it an ‘annual bonus’ 🙂

However, lots of people feel compelled to aggregate their annual bonus because it makes the monthly figure look more prosperous. This is a case where ambiguity works in your favour and so it’s fine to pro-rate your annual bonus into a monthly amount. As long as the 3 conditions listed above are met, they will accept your calculation without a problem.

Or is there any other way to do represent this?

What’s a ‘month’? What’s ‘income’? What if you get alimony or child support? What if you collect dividends and live off those? What if you are a professional gambler? What if part of your salary is garnished by a collection agency? What if you are making deductions to a retirement or benefits scheme? There are too many different angles to consider and so UKVI makes it all ambiguous (many times this will work in your favour). And yes, there are innumerable ways to compute the monthly income figure. There is no single ‘correct’ way to do it. The 3 items listed above include that the result must be reasonable and supported by high-quality evidence.

There’s not much more that can be said about it. Throwing this sort of question into an internet forum or TSE is essentially an opinion-poll where you will get lots of different answers and all of them will be partially correct. Examine your evidence, compute the number, enter it on the form, and if you think your number is not immediately obvious, then add an addendum page.

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