I hold a Canadian travel document, which is issued to refugees and stateless people. I am a refugee in Canada and cannot obtain my national passport l, which is Egyptian. Can I travel to Malta without a visa? I will be visiting a Maltese cousin. Thanks in advance for your help.
Whether visas are required of holders of refugee travel documents is one of the corner cases that the Schengen rules have not harmonized between member states.
Most but not all Schengen states are parties to the multilateral European Agreement on the Abolition of Visas for Refugees. These states grant visa-free entry to refugees settled in another party state. Malta is a party to the agreement, but Canada is not, so it doesn't apply to you.
In the absence of such an agreement applying, the default situation is that holders of refugee travel documents need visas for everywhere.
So you need to apply for a visa from one of the Maltese consulates general in Canada (like, by the way, all other Egyptian residents of Canada do too).