People who have historical ties to a particular territory and are culturally or historically distinct from other majority populations in the area.

There is no single, universally accepted definition of the term "indigenous people"; however, the most often invoked elements are:

  • the voluntary perpetuation of cultural distinctiveness
  • an experience of subjugation, marginalization and dispossession, and
  • self-identification.

Some examples include: Inuit in Canada, Native Americans in US, Ainu in Japan etc.

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