In the Persian Gulf and capital of both the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and of the United Arab Emirates, within which it is the largest city after Dubai.

Abu Dhabi (Arabic: أَبُو ظَبْيٍ‎ Abū Ẓaby) is the capital and the second-most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (after Dubai). The city of Abu Dhabi is located on an island in the Persian Gulf, off the Central West Coast. Most of the city and the Emirate reside on the mainland connected to the rest of the country. As of 2020, Abu Dhabi's urban area had an estimated population of 1.48 million, out of 2.9 million in the emirate of Abu Dhabi, as of 2016.