Questions tagged [terminology]

What does a certain travel-related term mean or what's the proper name for something you can describe? On TSE many special terms relate to air travel or visas. For air travel there is a list in `tag info` here.

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23
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1answer
16k views

Schengen Visa Refusal: Justification for the purpose and conditions of the intended stay was not provided

Schengen refusal formulae can be difficult to understand sometimes. When an applicant receives a refusal with "Justification for the purpose and conditions of the intended stay was not provided", ...
29
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1answer
3k views

What is the US Visa Waiver Program and what is an ESTA?

I wish to travel to the US and think I am eligible to do so under the Visa Waiver Program. I found a lot of information out there but am still having some trouble understanding how this works. What ...
34
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1answer
14k views

Difference between deportation and removal

As I understand it, there are two mechanisms for throwing somebody out of the UK: deportation and removal. Informally, people seem to call both of these "deportation". What are the differences ...
40
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6answers
51k views

Attending an academic conference is what type of travel?

I am planning to travel to Portugal to attend an academic conference and in that regard needed a short-stay Schengen visa. The visa application has a field "Purpose of Travel" with the following ...
9
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1answer
2k views

What does the author mean by 'back to back' and 'hidden city' ticketing hacks?

At this link about travel hacks what does the author mean by this? Back to back and hidden city ticketing. Sometimes airlines will charge far more for tickets to that do not include a Saturday night ...
43
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2answers
4k views

What is meant by “personal impact and articulation skills” in the context of border entry?

Within dozens of highly-rated responses regarding both UK and Schengen entry, I see the phrase "personal impact and articulation skills." There is no further explanation of what these mean and, in ...
22
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2answers
52k views

What does “copy of itinerary” mean when applying for a Schengen visa?

The Italian consulate website says under requirements for a Schengen visa: Applicants for short term visas (up to 90 days) must also present an itinerary of their trip. What does this mean? ...
20
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4answers
5k views

What's the difference between a direct and a non-stop flight?

In a comment to one of my question, a user mentioned that there is a difference between a direct and a non-stop flight. So what is this difference?
25
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3answers
5k views

Why is there a 'secret carrier' option for a flight?

When searching for a flight on kayak.com (not for me, I don't fly business), it shows a "Secret Carrier" option. What gives? Why are they unable to tell us even the code-share partner? What if you ...
13
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1answer
6k views

What does the acronym “ECO” mean in discussions of visas?

I saw this term ECO used in discussions on our meta pages and didn't notice a definition though I may have just skipped it. Googling it mostly returns hits about Eco-tourism, so it seems a bit ...
9
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1answer
434 views

What are transit visas?

What is the purpose of a transit visa, under what circumstances is is it required, and what happens when an individual arrives at an airport without one?
13
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2answers
423k views

When applying for an Indian Passport, how do I know if I'm in the ECR or non-ECR category?

I'm applying for a fresh Passport from India but I don't know what "ECR" & "NON-ECR" mean: "Is applicant eligible for Non-ECR category?" [Yes] [No] I've already Graduated from University. ...
67
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6answers
200k views

What's the difference between embassies and consulates?

Today Mitt Romney called Benghazi the capital of Libya (it's Tripoli) and apparently mixed up consulates and embassies. I thought it'd be a handy question to have on here, for those sorting out visas ...
18
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4answers
23k views

In the context of air travel, are layovers different to stopovers?

In a recent question somebody asked about a layover without mentioning how long the stop would be, thus implying it might perhaps be understood whether layover generally refers to a stop not requiring ...
14
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1answer
27k views

What is the difference between customs and immigration?

Maybe this is a question that should be asked at english.se in stead. I am just wondering if you can talk about "going through customs", when referring to all processes involved in entering/...
22
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4answers
43k views

What does a technical stop mean in air travel?

When I look at my flight itinerary, it says that the flight includes a technical stop. What does that mean compared to a layover?
12
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2answers
4k views

What exactly is a open-jaw flight?

Recently, I was looking for a flight from A to B and then a flight back from C to A. Using my English dictionary, I found that this is called an open-jaw flight. However, several native English ...
20
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1answer
9k views

How does “Fuel Dumping” work?

Recently, I saw a lot of blog post, forum posts etc on Fuel Dumping. For me it seemed like you can book a flight with high fuel charges, and then add another unrelated leg to the flight that you not ...
33
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9answers
27k views

What does it mean to be in the fast lane in California?

I don't think I've ever understood this. I travel frequently across the State of California by car. And I often take the highway to get to many places. One thing I don't understand is how fast ...
25
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5answers
2k views

How many countries are there in the world to travel to?

If you've travelled a bit, at some point you'll either have dreamed of or been asked - 'will you visit every country in the world?'. However, it's not a straightforward goal to aim for... I've heard ...
38
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5answers
184k views

What is the difference between “Country of Issue” and “Country of Citizenship” of a passport?

On multiple occasions I have seen forms where it needs to be stated what the Country of Issue and what the Country of Citizenship is. What is the difference between the two, if your passport is issued ...
15
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1answer
1k views

What does the flight jargon “fare class” actually mean? Is it the same as either “fare basis (code)” or “travel class”?

I just added a tag for fare-class since I saw a question about them and thought it's a frequent enough topic in air travel even though I didn't know exactly what it was. I guess it's something more ...
40
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3answers
52k views

What does “SSSS” on my boarding pass mean?

When I checked in for my American Airlines flight from Costa Rica back to the States, I noticed that my boarding pass had "SSSS" printed across the top left corner. Nobody else in my party had this ...
22
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5answers
2k views

In practice, what is the distinction between ESTA and visas?

It is often claimed that ESTA is not a visa - both by the US government and the travelers themselves. However in practice, I find it difficult to see the distinction between ESTA and e-visas: It ...
12
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3answers
6k views

What is ticket reconfirmation and why does it exist?

I have never personally had to reconfirm the ticket, but have read that in some case you can lose a place on a flight, even if you paid for it! Where does the idea of ticket reconfirmation comes from?...
11
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2answers
23k views

Miles & More: What is a booking class?

I'm member of the frequent flyer program Miles & More. Now I wanted to request additional miles for a flight during summer 2011 when I wasn't yet a member. To fill out the online form, I have to ...
5
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1answer
10k views

What does “Leave to enter for six months” on a UK visitor visa mean?

For visitors who are able to get a visa on arrival, it's common to get a stamp with the entry date and the following: Leave to enter for six months How is the six months counted? Is it a number of ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Re-applying for a Schengen visa, difference between 'revoked' and 'annulled'

I applied for a Schengen visa 2 years ago and got it, but the visa was revoked because I tried to travel to another Schengen country, which I wasn't allowed to due to the limitations on my Schengen ...
44
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5answers
16k views

Is “departure time” when the plane leaves the gate or when it takes off?

Is "departure time" when the plane leaves the gate or when it takes off? Seems like every single flight I take is delayed, but I can't tell how badly. If I have a flight that has a "departure time" ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Which countries are “Muslim countries”?

In the question about drinking beer in Dubai it arose that the term "Muslim country" can be seen as one where the laws of the country are affected by the rules of the religion (like Dubai), whereas ...
7
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4answers
7k views

What is the fuel surcharge?

Reading on the web about the "Fuel Dumping" trick made me aware of the fuel surcharge, one of several possible charges being added to the base price of a flight. In order to understand the trick ...
28
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2answers
5k views

What's the name for the “blocking” stickers used on car headlights?

I'll be driving my car from Belgium to the UK, with plans to then drive around the country. Like most cars in the European mainland, my car's headlights/headlamps are slightly adjusted to the right ...
18
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5answers
5k views

What is overbooking (of flights), and why do airlines all seem to do it?

I know that they want to "fill every seat." If you take this LITERALLY, then you'd want to overbook, because of the statistical percentage of "no shows." That, of course, leads to "bumping" when more ...
19
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5answers
104k views

What exactly does “nights” means when you book? Is it number of night you are going to sleep, or simply days you are going to stay?

For example, suppose that I'm going to travel London and will arrive at 10am, 1st December. And will stay a week, means will leave 10am, 8th December. Technically it's 7 nights, but also 8 days. ...
14
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4answers
2k views

What is usually an American breakfast outside of the US?

A number of hotels outside of the US offer something they call an American Breakfast. What does that usually include in terms of food and beverage? I have seen this choice offered in a few countries ...
6
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1answer
1k views

What Exactly is Seat Width?

Found myself in two planes last week with the same seat-pillow width but the arm rests where almost three times thicker in one, making me feel cramped. Up to now, I've never been bothered by the width ...
6
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1answer
482 views

Boliviana de Aviacion (BOA) tariff codes

I am trying to book one-way tickets on BOA on Jan 13 2015 from La Paz (LBP) to Buenos Aires (EZE) from their website. Their website asks me to make a choice between 7(!) different tariff codes - they ...
5
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2answers
79k views

What's a bio-data page?

The checklist for my Mongolian visa application mentions Copy of the bio-data page of your current passport (including passport of other nationality) What's a bio-data page?
5
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4answers
756 views

How should I express the end of a period of time I'm allowed to stay in a country so as not to confuse it with visa expiration?

I have mixed up these concepts and terminology myself on many occasions, at least when talking about them, even if in my mind I know the difference. I know other people do and just came across it in a ...
25
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2answers
3k views

What exactly are “repositioning cruises”?

A day or two ago I was chatting with some other budget travellers on the beach here in Oaxaca, Mexico, and one of them told me he came by sea from Portugual to Panama for a few hundred euros on ...
18
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2answers
113k views

What is an open ticket?

When speaking of an airline ticket, I have heard the term open ticket which has to do with dates not being fixed I believe. What exactly is an open ticket? How do you get an actual flight from one? ...
14
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6answers
7k views

Are “tourist visa” and “visitor visa” two terms for the same thing?

I myself always use the term "tourist visa" for the common type of visa used by tourists on sightseeing visits to countries. Some people probably say "tourism visa" instead. But very often I hear or ...
48
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6answers
10k views

In US rental car terms and conditions, what exactly is a “regularly maintained road?”

Many rental car companies have terms and conditions such as Hertz: Generally, Hertz vehicles, including 4-wheel drives, are to be operated only on regularly maintained roads. Off-road use is a ...
32
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3answers
7k views

“Do not board” message at the airport check-in?

I was booked on a flight for Chicago from Bangalore (India), I have a B1 visa. During check-in at the airport counter (for air India) they guy (who generates the boarding pass) said he gets an error ...
24
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2answers
293k views

What's the difference between 'Redress Number' and 'Known Traveler Number'? Do I need both for TSA PreCheck?

I recently obtained a Global Entry card and on the back is the PASSID number that I understand is also my Known Traveler Number. When I recently tried to record my KTN with an airlines it asked for ...
16
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1answer
2k views

What is a stopover?

What exactly is a stopover? How is my flight search affected if I limit its duration to X hours? Can there be a stopover if I am on a non-stop flight?
15
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5answers
4k views

What's an “un-made up road” in terms of car hire insurance?

I'm checking the terms and conditions for various car hire insurance/excess coverage policies and I see a lot of lines like this one (this one from http://www.insurance4carhire.com): We will not ...
14
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2answers
12k views

What does it mean when a flight is delayed due to a “tail swap”, if anything?

My flight was delayed due to a "tail swap" at the destination airport (the airport I will be flying into). Does that mean anything specific? If so, what is it?
12
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2answers
767 views

What exactly are the differences between a National Park and a National Forest?

In the United States, most big national parks are surrounded by national forests. I know that you can do "dispersed camping" in the National Forest, but not the National Park, but other than that, ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Are the terms “visa denial”, “visa refusal”, and “visa rejection” used in the same standardized way in countries that use English?

Recently I've learned that at least in the UK there is what seems to be an official distinction between two of these terms (though I can never remember which). Apparently one means you did something ...