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Can we get compensation because of denied boarding? Ethiopia Airlines denied boarding to passengers with Yemen passports and immigration visas for the USA. They booked two tickets to travel on two separate airlines and have a 4 hour transit in Addis Ababa. The airlines said that they need a transit visa to connect in Ethopia. We thought they wouldn't need a transit visa and, if they did, they could get it on arrival at the airport. We had checked with the Ethiopian Immigration Office Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration Office demands Ethiopia and AITA organization. Can anything be done?

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    What is "transit" is very situation specific. Changing terminals could require a real transit visa (and more time) because you need to enter to domestic area. Changing airlines is a common reason to change terminal. – Giacomo Catenazzi Jun 28 '17 at 15:16
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    @GiacomoCatenazzi Timatic, the airport's web site and visa information from Ethiopian authorities all confirm that transit should be possible without a visa. – Tor-Einar Jarnbjo Jun 28 '17 at 15:47
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    However, for transit between separately booked flights, the first airline will usually demand that the passenger can enter the transit country, since otherwise in the case of delays or the other airline canceling, they will be responsible for having brought someone without appropriate papers. – Henning Makholm Jun 28 '17 at 16:25
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"Transit" means many things, depending on who is describing it:

  1. You are flying on one airline, on one ticket, and are just changing planes.
  2. You are flying on one ticket, but different airlines (called codeshare) and are changing planes.
  3. You are traveling on two different tickets, on the same airline, and need to get a boarding pass.
  4. You are entering a jurisdiction that requires transit visas no matter what the final destination is (for example, UK, Schengen Zone, US, etc.)
  5. You are traveling from A to B on one airline, then from B to C on a different airline.

You may call all the above transit, but for the purposes of visas, not all transits are the same (and some don't qualify as transit at all).

In all these situations, transit requirements are different and to make matters even more complicated, your nationality may also have an impact on visa requirements.

One way to confirm what is required is to check the Timatic database, which is what airlines use when determining eligibility to fly.

According to Timatic:

Transit - Ethiopia (ET)

Visa Visa required.

TWOV (Transit Without Visa): Holders of onward tickets for a max. transit time of 12 hours.

Visa Issuance: Passengers can obtain a transit visa at Addis Ababa (ADD) if transit exceeds 12 hours and if they have confirmation that a visa has been approved before departure by Ethiopian Airlines. The maximum transit time is of 24 hours.

Now, your specific situation:

They booked two tickets to travel on two separate airlines and have a 4 hour transit in Addis Ababa.

This means that you need to be landed in Ethiopia, because you are actually on a two-part, point-to-point journey.

One leg of your journey requires you to arrive in Ethiopia, go through immigration, collect your bags, go through customs.

The next leg is for you to walk upto the check-in desk in Ethiopia, collect your boarding pass, check your bags, go through immigration.

So you clearly do not qualify for a TWOV (Transit Without Visa); as you are not in transit (you don't hold an onward ticket).

If you do not have a visa (or otherwise do not require one) the airline is right to refuse you boarding; as you do not qualify for the transit-on-arrival visa since it is only issued for transits more than 12 hours and from Timatic, seems only if you are flying on Ethopian for the entire journey.

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