Can I travel to the Netherlands to seek asylum with out a visa, because I want to seek asylum?
Will Kenya Airways allow me to board a plane with out a visa to Schiphol Airport, considering I have my passport?
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Not with just a Nairobi-Amsterdam ticket, since the airline is fined if it carries someone without the right documentation. EUR 11,250 per passenger, just so you know.
As such, you need to buy a ticket to a country you can enter visa-free or with a visa on arrival via Amsterdam
For Kenyans, countries such as Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines don't require a visa at all.
So you could buy a ticket with KLM from Nairobi to one of these countries (for example Nairobi-Singapore), which will then involve a connection in Amsterdam.
On the plane, tear apart the connecting boarding pass and flush it down the toilet.
Once you get to Amsterdam, claim asylum at the dedicated application centre (Aanmeldcentrum Schiphol).
The answer appears to be no: it is extremely unlikely that the airline will allow you to board. According to Timatic, a Kenyan citizen who wishes to enter the Netherlands must have a visa, proof of sufficient funds to cover their stay, and documents necessary for entry to their next destination. What's more, airlines are required to give special scrutiny to passengers from Kenya:
Airlines flying from the following airports to the Netherlands: Abu Dhabi (AUH), Accra (ACC), Bahrain (BAH), Beijing Capital (PEK), Boryspil (KBP), Cairo (CAI), Damman (DMM), Dar Es Salaam (DAR), Dubai (DXB), Entebbe (EBB), Guangzhou (CAN), Hong Kong (HKG), Hamad (DOH), Istanbul Ataturk (IST), Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen (SAW), Johannesburg (JNB), Kigali (KGL), Kilimanjaro (JRO), Kuala Lumpur (KUL), Kuwait (KWI), Lagos (LOS), Moscow Sheremetyevo (SVO), Muscat (MCT), Nairobi (NBO), New Delhi (DEL), Sao Paulo (GRU), Singapore (SIN) and Teheran (IKA) must provide copies of travel documents of all passengers on these flights in case they do not hold proper travel documents upon arrival in the Netherlands and are inadmissible. Copies must include the data page of the passport/travel document, the page with the visa and the page with departure/clearance stamp, where applicable. Non-compliance with these entry regulations will result in fines up to EUR 11,250.– per passenger for the carrier.
As you can see from the last sentence, the airline will have a strong incentive to check your travel documents before you board the plane.
You can only apply for asylum after you have already arrived in the country (or at its borders). Why do you think so many people are risking their lives crossing the Mediterranean (and from Africa, also the Sahara) to get into Europe? They wouldn't be doing that if they could simply board a flight.
No airline will allow you to board if you do not already have a visa or otherwise a right to remain in the country of destination.