I am from Bangladesh. I have been granted a visa to go to India. On the visa, it is noted that I would enter the country "by air." Am I also also to travel via train?
No, you aren't allowed to enter India by train if your didn't explicitly make a request for the same during your visa application.
Please review the visa requirements for Maitree Express. This page is available in both
I've also reproduced the relevant section here for reference -
A valid passport and visa are required to travel by Maitree Express. To travel by Maitree Express the passenger has to choose one of the following options in the online visa form:
By Rail Gede
By Rail Gede/By Air
By Rail Gede / By Road Haridaspur
Passport and visa have to be shown at the ticket counter at the time of purchase and a copy of the same is to be submitted.
According to the latest changes( in 2017-2018),
Any Travel Visa (No matter which port of entry, or route you chose during VISA application) issued to Bangladeshi citizens will allow the traveler to
- Travel by train
- Travel by air
- Travel by road at Benapole-Haridashpur border.
It does not matter when you got the Travel VISA, you are allowed for the 3 routes mentioned above.
It might be confusing because, after the announcement, the Visa authority is now printing this in the Passport(VISA page). But, those who got the Visa before, are also eligible for this.
So, now, if you choose a route of entry, it means additional permission. For example, you chose, Tamabil-Dauki border, then, you will be allowed to enter by this Tamabil border along with the above 3 options.
One reference: Dhaka tribune news