I'm trying to book a flight home to the US from Sofia, Bulgaria in December. I've found a RyanAir flight that lands at Stansted at 13:25. There's a Norwegian Air direct flight1 to Boston for cheap at 16:30. I will have checked one bag on both flights. I hold a US passport and have never had problems passing through UK Immigration/Customs.

Can I make this connection?

1 - clearly not Norwegian because they fly from Gatwick, but the airline is mostly irrelevant in this case.

  • @pnuts and why not make this an answer? Also I see a problem with the checked bag, that adds another wait.
    – mts
    Oct 11, 2016 at 19:40
  • @pnuts You should polish that up as an answer probably along the lines of "I would only attempt a transfer like this with at least x hours between flights".... Oct 11, 2016 at 19:41
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    Are you sure you mean London Heathrow? Only Norweigan Airlines flies from London Gatwick (LGW) to Boston
    – Gagravarr
    Oct 11, 2016 at 20:17
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    Yep, you're guaranteed to miss your flight if you go to the wrong airport! Oct 11, 2016 at 20:58
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    Even on an hypothetical through-ticket this would only just meet the minimum connect time (II INTER STN-LGW has an MCT of 3 hours, although AA wants 4.30 if its codesharing on either end, for some reason). I wouldn't recommend this unless you are comfortable buying a new walk up ticket.
    – Calchas
    Oct 11, 2016 at 21:45

3 Answers 3


There is a direct bus operated by National Express connecting them in 2 hours, so 3 hours is enough from an arithmetic point of view.

But expected landing time is different from "landing+exit the plane+bag recover+exit the airport+catch the bus", and a flight at 16.30 means gate closing at 16.00, and you still have to walk all the way from the bus to the gate, and you don't know how much it will take for security check, and finally it's December: I wouldn't attempt a transfer on no less than 6 hours, given the meteo conditions in that part of Europe during that part of the year.

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    Direct service is by National Express coach. Train and underground connections take longer. There is a coach at 14:15 arriving 15:45. Next coach is 15:40. Oct 11, 2016 at 20:22
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    @motoDrizzt There are no direct trains between Stanstead and Heathrow! You'd have to take a train into London, then either tube between stations + train onwards to Heathrow, or tube the whole way
    – Gagravarr
    Oct 11, 2016 at 20:22
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    Stanstead to Heathrow by bike £175 + VAT. Luggage space limited. passengerbikes.com/cost.html Oct 11, 2016 at 22:24
  • There is no direct train from Stansted to Heathrow. You mean a bus.
    – gerrit
    Oct 12, 2016 at 12:11
  • As Aak. says, the first sentence is "staggeringly wrong". What's up with you, moto?!
    – Fattie
    Oct 12, 2016 at 13:14

Can I make this connection?

It is possible but extremely risky to rely on doing so.

Is three hours long enough to transfer from Stansted to Heathrow?

Ample, in most circumstances, if you mean pavement to pavement. The distance by road is only about 62 miles.

What you did not ask:

What is the minimum time difference between ETA at Stansted and ETD of a transatlantic fight out of Heathrow T2/T3 under normal conditions, that allows a reasonable contingency?

It is possible to clear Stansted in ½ hr – ¾ hr. Half an hour, 40 minutes max - as long as there's no industrial action going on per battybilly 14/9/11 and I recently collected my daughter there and even with checked luggage she was rapidly through from landing to meeting me in 40 minutes per taurean_traveller 4/3/13. However it seems more variable than at some larger airports. Nationality could be a factor (eg take longer for non-EU citizens), luggage will be and of course how busy the airport happens to be.

Assuming ¾ hr, the earliest available for ground transport from a 13:25 arrival would be 14:10. National Express has a departure (I chose for 1/12/16 – a weekday) at 14:15. Later in December activity in the airport on its own makes aiming for that coach very risky. And there is also significant chance of weather delays, not necessarily at Stansted but having a knock on effect when too little slack is built into the aircraft's schedule.

So the next coach departs 15:40:


2hr 15m is ample to clear Stansted in all but the most extreme conditions. It should take about 1hr 30m to T2/T3, with allowance of about 20 minutes more for the journey than a car might take. (But Expect your coach journey to Heathrow to take between 80-125 minutes.) Arrival at T2/T3 therefore around 17:10, which is no good for a 16:30 departure. Taking AA as an example, their minimum ticket counter check-in time at LHR for international flights is one hour and you would probably want to add at least 15 minutes to collect your bag and make your way to the check-in counter. Hence on the above basis the earliest flight out you should consider seriously is 18:25, for a total ETA>ETD of five hours.

However, by say taxi you could depart Stansted around 14:25 at the latest (if landing to schedule), arrive T2/T3 around 15:35 and so catch a flight out around 16:50, for a total ETA>ETD of 3hr 25m. This is consistent with BA's advice: We recommended that you allow at least: … 3.5 hours if you're connecting between London Stansted and London Heathrow.

At 3hr 25m the earliest outbound would be 16:50 – still after the flight time you mention, though only by 20 minutes. However departing Stansted at 14:25 allows an hour for clearing the airport, assuming an on time arrival. This is generous and could easily be 20 minutes less. As mentioned, it is possible to make such a connection but with no time at all to spare so unwise when what is at stake is missing a transatlantic flight and requiring quite an expensive taxi ride (if prebooked about £80) or, if to reduce somewhat the risk of delays due to traffic and assuming limited luggage, an even more expensive motorcycle ride (~£210 according to @David Marshall in a Comment).

The timing of your arrival relative to the coach schedule is about as bad as possible. So in general 5 hours is a sensible minimum interval between ETA and ETD without spending more than £50 over and above what is necessary (longer is to be preferred).

The time of day, day of the week, whether your bag is first or last off the conveyor and lots of other factors may also each make a difference of a few minutes.

So if 3hr 5m is possible (even 3 hrs) why 5 hrs a sensible minimum? Mainly because of gaps in the coach schedule of as much as 1hr 25m.


Not a doable itinerary I'm afraid. The direct bus departs Stansted at 13:40, arriving at Heathrow at 15:45. 45 minutes is unlikely to be enough to drop off baggage and get to the gate

  • Right. It's not even in the ballpark. Like, 6 hours, I'd still be worried.
    – Fattie
    Oct 12, 2016 at 13:02
  • @pnuts Fastest means though
    – Crazydre
    Oct 12, 2016 at 13:57

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