A few months ago, a friend of mine (who is a Dutch citizen) wanted to bring this over-the-counter medicine back from India to the Netherlands.
It's a specially prepared herbal medicine. Herbal medicines would normally be fine to bring to Europe in small quantities (I believe). This one, however, contains roughly 7-9% Cannabis Sativa.
My friend would bring perhaps 100 grams of this medicine (out of which less than 10 grams is actual Cannabis Sativa.)
Now, medicinal use of this plant is locally and partially permitted in India. This particular product is sold in local medical shops, in industrially packed containers by licensed Ayurvedic companies. So as far as Indian law is concerned, in his case, I don't believe that should be a problem.
As far as I know, Cannabis Sativa is also permitted in the Netherlands?
My friend said the medicine would have been a huge help for his condition (hypertension). However, since he was transiting through another European country (I believe Germany or France), I warned him about possible problems at the transit airport. In the end, he decided not to do it.
Was this a well-founded concern?
What if, on his next visit, he takes a direct flight from India to the Netherlands? Would there be any legal problems then?
In both cases, what sort of risks could my friend face in Europe/The Netherlands?