This question follows on from my previous question (see here for background). After having my ESTA (US visa-waiver) application declined, I did not apply for a full B-1/B-2 visa in order to attend the previous conference in the US, owing to time and money constraints.
Fast forward to now: I am (a British citizen) applying for a Canadian eTA in order to attend a conference later this year. Towards the bottom of the page is the following question:
Have you ever been refused a visa or permit, denied entry to, or ordered to leave Canada or any other country/territory?
My question is therefore: does a US visa-waiver application being declined count as refused visa or permit?
Thanks for your time!