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I'm in Tamil Nadu, India.

Let's say I go to the area around Rameswaram, India, and that after that I want to visit the area around Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. Getting a visa for Sri Lanka is done very quickly online for my passport. (I've done it before.)

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If I were to pay some fishermen or something to bring me over, it shouldn't take more than roughly two hours. But I have a feeling this might be illegal? I'm not too keen on being taken into custody by coast guard personnel. Now, is it in fact illegal, even if I have a visa for Sri Lanka? If it's legal, will I still have to find a way to report to both countries' authorities about my border crossing?

I will not break either country's law.

What other options do I have?

According to Skyscanner, the only possible airports are Chennai (MAA) and Colombo (CMB). Can anyone find a more convenient flight?

This means I have to travel 520 km by road to Chennai airport.

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Going through the airports, checking in, waiting, flying, etc, should take around 4 hours at best.

Then, I've got to get from Colombo to Mannar Island, which is another 280 km.

enter image description here

I'm estimating that such a road/air journey would take at least 20 hours (more, if I stop to rest or sleep), and cost me several hundred USD, depending on choice of flight and what kind of ground transportation I use.

Now, is there any faster and/or cheaper option here? Remember that everything has to be perfectly legal to both countries.

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    +1 I think the question is find but another way to frame it would be "What are the formalities for private crafts going to Sri Lanka". There is typically a procedure for that and it's not unusual for countries to have a number of designated port of entries where ships must call when coming from abroad. – Relaxed May 14 '16 at 10:29
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    Maybe this is relevant – Relaxed May 14 '16 at 10:31
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    True, maybe asking one or two separate questions, then? Or at least a title like "Crossing from India to Sri Lanka: Do I really need to make a huge detour though Chennai airport?"... Like I said, I think it's a fine question but my concern is that the headline does not really indicate what specific problem you have and could easily be overlooked by someone knowledgeable about yachting and port procedures in Sri Lanka. – Relaxed May 14 '16 at 10:34
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    There is supposedly a port of entry at Talaimannar Pier, but I am having trouble locating it. It might be closed. – Michael Hampton Jul 26 '16 at 4:31
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    Its kind of like getting from Panama to Colombia or colombia to panama (no roads). You would probably need to hire a private broker ahead of time to let local authorities know you are coming. Then once you arrive he or she will meet you upon arrival and have all necessary documents ready and provide you with transportation to the proper immigration authorities to get your visa completed. The broker handles everything and may be able to email you something that you could carry with you on the fishing vessel that would cover you if the coast guard intervenes. This is what I had to do when I hire – David W Mar 27 '17 at 11:45
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+150

Now, is it in fact illegal, even if I have a visa for Sri Lanka? If it's legal, will I still have to find a way to report to both countries' authorities about my border crossing?

If you arrive by unconventional means, you will run into the burden of proving the legitimacy of your visit. It is upto you as a traveller to prove you have the right to be in the country and that you have arrived legally and are not violating any laws (for example, by smuggling goods).

One way to do this is to enter via a know port of entry (such as the airport) where the government provides facilities to assist with your legal entry.

If you arrive by boat/fisherman - and then leave by airport, you may be questioned as to why you don't have an entry stamp (if such a thing is required) and this may lead to many further complications - ranging from a fee to detention and deportation.

Further if you are intercepted by the coast guard, you'll have to come up with more than a smile to explain what you are doing ferrying across instead of taking the normal route.

If you happen to cross into the territorial waters and are then intercepted, you are effectively an illegal immigrant. The coast guard doesn't have the authority to validate your visa; so you'll be taken into custody and then ... well, I would just rather not risk it.

Bottom line - take the plane.

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    Yeah, I pretty much agree with this answer. I just find it astounding if there's really no other legal way to cross this narrow strait. It may have something to do with the tense political climate between the state government of Tamil Nadu and the government of Sri Lanka. – Revetahw says Reinstate Monica May 15 '16 at 8:48
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    @Fiksdal: did you see the link in the second comment on the question, about formalities for arriving in Sri Lanka by yacht? It seems from that that there is a legal procedure for crossing by boat, it just may involve quite a bit of individual work to arrange. – PLL May 15 '16 at 14:15
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    @PLL Yeah, this is very relevant, could be answer worthy. Something similar probably should be done in relation to Indian authorities. – Revetahw says Reinstate Monica May 15 '16 at 14:47
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    What exactly is this answer based on? It seems like speculation to me. – fkraiem Jul 26 '18 at 4:14
  • Not all visas are for immigration purposes; and not all visas allow for entry by water. – Burhan Khalid Jul 26 '18 at 6:58
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There are currently no ferry services running between Sri Lanka and India. There have been various proposals (some of which even started running for a short while in 2011, 2012 and 2015) but none of them have lasted. Your best bet is probably to fly from Tiruchirappalli Airport (roughly in the middle of your first screenshot) to Colombo. Sri Lankan fly twice daily from here to Colombo, do this would cut around 4 hours off the drive on your first day but it would by no means be quick. I have no idea if a local fisherman or someone would take you across but if someone can confirm that they do then that might be the best option.

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    Good job on shortening the first drive. Regarding the fishermen, I don't have any direct experience with such a thing, but I know that in India, most such things can be had for a price, even if someone isn't in the habit of doing something. Money talks, and it should be way cheaper than a flight ticket, for example. However, we need to consider the legal isue. When you cross an international border, there is such a thing as exit stamps, entry stamps, immigration laws, etc. – Revetahw says Reinstate Monica May 14 '16 at 15:19
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    Legal issues and arrests are a serious reality: indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/… – Nav May 14 '16 at 16:34
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    You could further shorten the drive by taking a flight from Madurai rather than Trichy. This should save you at least an hour, maybe even 90 mins depending on traffic. – nikhil May 15 '16 at 4:42
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    @Nav: The first question being whether they actually did or didn't have the paperwork to be allowed to go to India in the first place. – David Mulder May 15 '16 at 7:18
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    Why not ask them immigration.gov.lk/web/… – Stevetech May 15 '16 at 11:46
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Ferry services have stopped. And I do not know if you are still interested in the look out for nearby airports but there is one at Madurai which operates flights to Colombo once or twice a week.

Check out this website where you can book Indien domestic and international flights and it gives you the options.

Madurai is closer to Rameswaram than Tiruchirappalli and Chennai.

  • According to FlightConnections.com, both SpiceJet and Sri Lankan Airlines now operate daily service between Madurai and Colombo. – Michael Seifert May 25 at 14:30
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The Tiruchirappalli International Airport is only 3 hours and 55 minutes driving from the place you are stating, so that might be a small improvement. Still, it isn't optimal, of course.

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    True, but a small improvement is better than no improvement. – Revetahw says Reinstate Monica May 14 '16 at 18:50
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    I don't see what this answer adds to the earlier one by @skifans (besides a link to the wiki page). – mts Sep 26 '16 at 12:50
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If you wish to enter your neighbour's house, do you jump on to the terrace and climb down the stairs? Certainly not, you enter through the door by ringing the bell and asking for permission to enter.

Same logic applies to a country. Every country has restricted entry and exit points. You require documentation like passport and visa to cross these points. These points could be airports or sea ports or land border crossings.

When applying for a Visa, you have to mention the probable date of travel, the mode of travel and ID of the vehicle used. For air travel, it is the Name and Flight number, for Sea it is the Vessel name and number, for land it is the vehicle make and number.

Crossing into a country through un-authorized means, even if you have valid documentation is downright illegal - this can land you straight into jail.

Therefore please do not attempt such heroics. Use the legal entry points.

NOTE: Both Indian and Sri Lankan Coast Guard keep is tight vigil on the international sea border, to precisely catch such illegal entrants.

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