I'm looking to rent a car for a short trip and find that the price displayed comes with only a very basic insurance. Insurance upgrades are then offered for a typically hefty fee.

What insurance is mandatory? Beyond mandatory insurance, what insurance is recommended for a risk-averse person? (Or asking the other way round, what insurance packages are un-necessary?)

I am asking for Europe (Sardegna, Italy, to be precise but answers might be more general to make this topic useful for others) and let's assume I don't have any complementary insurance thanks to credit card, etc.

This question is related but covers only the extreme case (complete risk-aversion). Finally I am aware this question is somewhat opinion-based, so I am hoping for answers that represent what is considered "best-practice".

1 Answer 1


There are typically four kinds of rental insurance:

  • CDW (Collision Damage Waiver) / LDW (Loss Damage Waiver) is the most important insurance to buy. This covers accidents, theft and the associated lost revenue in charges.

  • Liability coverage - this covers you from legal liability in case of a lawsuit.

  • PAI (Personal Accident Insurance) - this covers your medical expenses in-case you are in an accident.

  • Personal Effects Coverage - this protects your belongings in the car.

If you are a foreigner - then its likely any protections you may enjoy under your normal car and health insurance do not apply overseas when renting cars; so you must have the CDW and the liability coverage.

If you already have state-mandated car insurance, it comes with liability coverage - as long as you are licensed for the vehicle type/class. So you can exempt yourself from that.

Your medical/home insurance may also cover you in case of rentals - but again, this only applies if you have medical insurance for the country where you are renting the car.

Finally, your credit card probably offers car rental insurance (most do). However, keep in mind to avail it you have to rent the car on the card and decline or accept the minimum CDW from the rental agency - check with your card policy on the specifics.

  • 1
    +1, however "your credit card probably offers car rental insurance" many European cards don't.
    – mts
    Commented Mar 21, 2016 at 18:48
  • "Your normal insurance" also implies you have such a thing.
    – CMaster
    Commented Mar 21, 2016 at 20:12
  • @CMaster could you elaborate? If I don't usually own/drive a car I wouldn't have any special car insurance. Do you refer to health insurance?
    – mts
    Commented Mar 21, 2016 at 21:00
  • 2
    @mts - your situation is exactly what I am referring to. The answer says "your normal insurance", but it is perfectly possible that the traveller who seeks to rent a vehicle has no such thing
    – CMaster
    Commented Mar 22, 2016 at 8:55

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