I am non-EU citizen and I have a Dutch residence permit. I am planning on flying to the Barbados. I have to go to the Barbados Embassy at Brussels, Belgium, for visa application and I have to submit my passport there as part of the application.

So now I have to travel back to the Netherlands without passport but with only the residence permit. Will it be okay? Will there be any issues regarding entering back into the Netherlands?

  • 4
    There are no controls between Belgium and the Netherlands.
    – Gayot Fow
    Commented Jan 11, 2016 at 14:43

1 Answer 1


There is no regular passport control between Belgium and the Netherlands. However, you may be asked to show identification in either country.

In the Netherlands, a residence permit ("vreemdelingendocument") explicitly suffices: https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/paspoort-en-identiteitskaart/vraag-en-antwoord/met-welke-identiteitsbewijzen-kan-ik-mij-identificeren

I was unable to find anything enumerating the acceptable documents in Belgium, but in general a residence permit is not accepted as an identity document in countries other than the one issuing it. In case a Belgian official is not satisfied with your Netherlands residence permit, you should be prepared to show the receipt indicating that you have left your passport at the embassy for a visa application. This, in combination with your residence permit, ought to suffice.

  • I would also add to carry a copy of your passport would you - it would also help if you can get it notarized. This way, you can present it as well as your residence card. Commented Jan 12, 2016 at 7:00

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