You cannot travel with an expired passport. Once a passport expires, it is no longer a valid travel document (even if it contains a valid visa).
As there is no Ghanaian foreign mission in Kuwait, you need to contact the Ghanaian Embassy in Saudi Arabia to renew your passport.
Once you have renewed your passport, you need to transfer your Kuwait residency from your old (expired) passport to the new one. This is done at the passports department ("jawazat") for the governorate of your residency.
If you choose not to do this transfer, make sure you carry both your new and old passports with you when you enter into Kuwait. The immigration officer will need to see your old residency page (as the information in the immigration system is linked to the passport number). The officer will then stamp on your old passport, indicating that you need to transfer the residency to your new passport. Once this stamp is affixed to your old passport, you must transfer the residency and will no longer be allowed to travel on your old passport into Kuwait.