I am student in France but I am not French. During the holiday, I came back to my country. Before I came back, I have received the "Recepisse De Demande De Carte De Sejour" in the form of paper from Préfecture finistere. My school told me that I can use it to reenter to France. Is it true? I do worry because I searched on the internet and there are some people said I can not use it to reenter to France.
In short, no. The récépissé is a "receipt of request for residence", which is a temporary permit to stay in France while the bureaucrats scrutinize your paperwork, not a travel document or visa. The scan you provide says you're permitted to travailler (work), but nothing about voyager (travel).
I would definitely get in touch with the French embassy in/nearest to your home country and see what they suggest: you will probably need to get your expired visa extended or re-issued.
Updated after realizing I had completely misread the original French doc. (Note to self: do not post on Travel.SE before first cup of coffee in the morning.)