My friend is travelling from India to Canada with an Indian passport via Amsterdam (Schiphol airport). Is it possible for me to meet her with a Schengen visa? If yes then how?
If your friend is travelling with two connecting flights on a single ticket, without a visa, then she has to stay in the "international area" of the airport. She is not allowed to pass border control and enter the Netherlands.
The only way for you to enter that area is to have a ticket for a flight leaving the Schengen Area, possibly departing from the same terminal (I'm not familiar with the current layout of the airport), and then leave that area again.
So your options are:
- She gets a Schengen visa to be able to exit the international area, enter the Netherlands, and meet you in the "landside" area (outside security and border control). If she has separately booked flights (a self-transfer) she needs one anyway. She will need to go through border control (enter the Netherlands), then after you meet go through border control again (exit the Netherlands) and security. This may take quite a bit of time, so she needs to have enough time between her flights.
- Or you get a ticket to a place outside the Schengen Area, departing from the same terminal. You will need to go through passport control (exit the Netherlands) and security. After you have met her, you will probably need to ask to be let out again (you're not supposed to leave the departures area once you've gone through security), then go through border control again (enter the Netherlands again). Of course you need to have the right citizenship or a residence permit or a valid multiple entry visa to be able to do that. Getting a refund on your flight may be possible on very very flexible tickets, but in most cases it's highly unlikely. Or you could actually fly to the place you bought a plane ticket to. Note that you must be able to enter the destination country, so that may require a visa as well.
In short: it's theoretically possible, but quite difficult and costly. I would not recommend it.