I am moving to England on a work visa in mid of march 2023, I booked a flight from Etihad Airways the flight has 2 stops/layovers (2 hours each) before the UK below is the route.

India > Abu Dhabi > Amsterdam > UK

for the stop at Abu-Dhabi, it was quite easy and clear to know that I do not need any transit visa if my layover is below 4 hours, But for Amsterdam, I found it difficult to know wether I need a transit/Schengen visa or not.

the flight from India to abu-dhabi and abu-dhabi to Amsterdam is operated by Etihad Airways and from Amsterdam is operated by Klm Royal Dutch Airlines, below i have attached a snap of my ticket for better reference

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so far I tried to know the Amsterdam transit/Schengen visa requirement by the below channels but was unable to get the clear answer

  1. official Netherlands website https://consular.mfaservices.nl/schengen-visa/schengen-advisor/ROKYC/Advisor/Advisor/IntendedStay
  2. by calling the KLM customer agent where she said I might not need a transit visa but she was not confident
  3. I check a threat Do I need a visa to transit (or layover) in the Schengen area? in this channel as well where I found a similar question but on a broad level for all Schengen areas which didn't answer my question as my concern is more specific to Amsterdam only and for Indian passport holder

I also read an article on schengenvisainfo.com here stating Indians Flying to the UK Can Transit Netherlands Without Transit Schengen Visas But it mentioned it's true only for KLM and not its partner airlines.

Now I am not sure if this applies to my case as I booked my ticket from Etihad and on the ticket, it mentioned operated by KLM so I am not sure if I am exempt from the transit visa requirement.

so far with my research, I found if I only stay in an international transit zone then I would not need any transit visa. here I also tried to find in what cases I might have to move out of the international transit zone but could find a clear answer I also come to know if for any reason if my bag didn't transfer automatedly by flight staff then I will have to move out of international transit zone for transferring my bag from one flight to another which will require a transit visa

I know I have a lot of confusion but I believe many people would have already been in this situation I will really appreciate your help, suggestion, or any hint on this

  • 1
    Amsterdam airport has a transit area, so you don't need Shengen visa unless your final destination in another Shengen country (which is not a case for you). If you're asking about personal experience, 2 years ago I had a flight from Las Vegas to Moscow via Amsterdam and everything was OK (nobody asked for Shengen visa).
    – Dmitry
    Feb 26, 2023 at 15:12
  • 1
    @Dmitry Some 3rd country nationsls require an airport transit visa (Type A). Please note that Schengen is spelt with a 'c' and that a type A visa is not the same as a type C visa and that random checks are done in the transit area. Feb 26, 2023 at 15:58
  • Wow, what's the point of transit area if someone needs visa there...
    – Dmitry
    Feb 26, 2023 at 16:22
  • 2
    @Dmitry For those who 'lose' their passports on the way and demand to be let in. Trick 4 of the illegal immigration methods Feb 26, 2023 at 17:36
  • 1
    @YusufKhan, it is broad on purpose and covers your question.
    – Willeke
    Feb 27, 2023 at 14:52

1 Answer 1


Do[es] an Indian passport holder require transit/Schengen visa for a connecting flight via Amsterdam to final destination England

No, as an Indian citizen, you do not require an airport transit visa when transiting through the Netherlands (Amsterdam).

As @YusufKhan has pointed out, only the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Spain require an airport visa for Indian citizens.

For the compleate list (link taken from the European Commission link shown below) of which 3rd country nationals require an airport transit visa for a specific Schengen Country, see:

In itsself, a United Kingdom visa or residence permit does not exempt their holders from an airport transit visa.

Who must apply for a Schengen visa - Airport transit
You may be exempt from the airport transit visa requirement, if you:

  • hold a valid visa or residence permit issued by a Schengen state;
  • hold a visa valid for a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area, Canada, Japan or the United States ;
  • hold a valid residence permit issued by a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area ;
  • hold a residence permit issued by the Principality of Andorra, Canada, Japan, Republic of San Marino, or the United States, that guarantees unrestricted right of return;
  • are a family member of a citizen of the EU, EEA or Switzerland ; hold a diplomatic passport;
  • are a flight crew member national of a contracting party to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation.

Note: The United Kingdom is not listed.

The United Kingdom German Embassy site is more explicid:

Airport transit visas - [German] Federal Foreign Office
Since the end of the transition phase and the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, UK visas and residence permits do not exempt their holders from airport transit requirements. Nationals of some countries now require airport transit visas even if they hold a visa or residence permit for the UK.

  • 1
    As far as I can see Indian nationalities only need that type of visa for transfers in Czeck, Germany, France and Estonia. The Netherlands seems to be a normal country and do not require anything.
    – Dmitry
    Feb 26, 2023 at 16:29
  • @mark-johnson I can see there are 12 countries that must require a transit visa to enter any international transit area in the EU country, I can't see India on those 12 counties, additionally, 4 countries (Czech Republic, France, Germany, Spain) added India into the list to must have a transit visa on top of above 12 counties my sources are same as you posted in answer home-affairs.ec.europa.eu/system/files/2023-01/… and schengenvisainfo.com/transit-schengen-visa if you are confirmed by other sources can you mentioned that source as well in your answer
    – Yusuf Khan
    Feb 26, 2023 at 16:51

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