I applied TRV for Canada but I was refused. I am reapplying now but I get confused with the two questions. I've never applied in Canada other than TRV. Which one should I tick yes the letter b) or letter c)? They look like the same.

b) Have you ever been refused a visa or permit, denied entry or ordered to leave Canada or any other country or territory?

c) Have you previously applied to enter or remain in Canada?

  • 4
    It seems like your answer to both questions is "yes," so check both?
    – ajd
    Oct 25, 2022 at 20:15
  • Really appreciate your suggestion, but I need concrete answer. ☺ Oct 25, 2022 at 20:17
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    @DavidSupportsMonica No, a TRV is a (Temporary Residence) Visa. The Canadian equivalent of an ESTA is an ETA. Oct 26, 2022 at 0:05
  • 1
    @DJClayworth Fair enough, you're correct. However, a Canada TRV behaves like an ESTA — or a visa of any kind — because having the TRV (or the visa) does not assure entry into the issuing country. We're in semantics-land here, discussing what Canada means by "applied to enter." I think that means being physically at the border, seeking to enter. Perhaps Canada means what you assert, but I think the different words ("refused a visa or permit" compared to "applied to enter") support a different conclusion. Oct 26, 2022 at 0:21
  • 2
    Canadian immigration law and terminology is nowhere near as obscure as US. When they use a word it tends to have the obvious meaning. Oct 26, 2022 at 2:00

1 Answer 1


The two questions cover different situations. (b) covers any kind of refusal, denial of entry or deportation for any country. (c) covers all applications but only to Canada.

So if you had previously applied to Canada successfully and followed your visa conditions you would answer NO to (b) and YES to (c). If you had been refused entry to a country other than Canada you would answer YES to (b) but NO to (c).

You would answer YES to both (b) and (c).

  • Hi DJClayworth thank you for your answers. Let me just repeat myself I applied tourist visa for Canada and I was refused but I’ve never applied a visa to any other countries (except Canada). So, b) would be NO for me and c) would be YES for me. Am I right? Oct 28, 2022 at 21:54
  • 1
    As I say in the answer: "You would answer YES to both." meaning (b) and (c). Because you have applied to Canada before (c) and you have been refused by Canada (b) Oct 28, 2022 at 22:30
  • @MitchelAraw Which part of (b) referring to ‘Canada or any other country or territory’ is unclear? If you answer ‘No’ your new application will be denied and you’ll probably get a ban for deception.
    – Traveller
    Oct 28, 2022 at 22:53
  • Hi @DJClayworth, thank you so much. You’ve been a great help. Really appreciate it. Oct 29, 2022 at 16:51

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