I have a friend who is an Israeli citizen but currently only has a Russian passport. They will be traveling from Israel to Dominican Republic with a layover in either Spain, Germany, or France.
The websites of the countries listed above seem to say you only need an
Airport Transit Visa if you are from certain countries (not including Russia), otherwise you are fine to layover with no extra documentation/visa. Is this true? Their layover will be less than 12 hours.
Additionally, will they have to go through some sort of passport control before changing flights? The layover for the flight they want is one hour but I'm thinking this won't be enough.
Edit: Yes the flights will be booked through a single booking.