I'm holding Philippine passport and I'm here in Canada and I'm going to visit my country but I need to stop over in Narita Terminal 1 and next day I'm going to transfer Narita Terminal 2. My layover is 17:45 minutes. Do I need a transit visa?
Transit: Passengers are permitted to transit through Japan to the Philippines if they meet all of the following conditions: They will transit on the same day; The are arriving and departing from the same airport; They will not leave the transit area of the airport; They are not departing with low cost carriers such as Cebu Air (5J). Passengers are permitted to depart with Philippine Airlines (PR), Japan Airlines (JL) or All Nippon Airways (NH).
Yes, you will require a visa, as you don't satisfy the first criteria. However, Japan transit visas are not issued as of now. You need to reschedule the flight.
Another remote possibility is, you can get a visa as part of organized tour. But who will organize the tour that caters to your 17 hours 45 minutes is a question.