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I am an Indian national traveling on advance parole to US. I do have expired H1-B stamped on my passport but the new H1-B has not been stamped. I have a layover in Frankfurt for 5 hours. Has anyone done this kind of trip recently? If yes, did you need a transit visa for Germany? My trip is on 11 Nov so there is no way I can get a visa in time. I am looking for suggestions on what to do.

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    You do not need the personal experience of someone who has done it recently, you need the knowledge of someone who can tell you with certainty whether you need a visa or even whether you can travel like this at all.
    – Willeke
    Nov 7 '21 at 20:11
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    This germany.info/blob/917514/29c468eca75052c9c91a8635284f6340/… states “Please note that the advance parole (I-512) and the approval notice (I-797) are not valid documents for a visa free airport transit. An airport transit visa must be obtained.”
    – Traveller
    Nov 7 '21 at 21:43
  • I saw this but the thing is that I traveled from US to India 3 weeks back with a layover in Frankfurt. I did not have a transit visa. Nobody asked for it. That's why I am a bit confused
    – Tkc
    Nov 8 '21 at 1:05
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    I think the difference is you were travelling with an expired US visa to your country of citizenship, not to the US. timaticweb2.com/integration/…
    – Traveller
    Nov 8 '21 at 3:11
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    "when I set the destination to India it says that I need a transit visa for Germany": you have to read the exceptions carefully. You should have seen "visa required" followed by a long series of exceptions. The one that applies to your trip to India is "Nationals of India transiting...to a third country which is not a Schengen Member State...must have a used, valid or expired visa issued by [one of several countries including] USA, and be returning from the country that issued the visa...." This explains how you got to India, but there is no exception for your return to the US.
    – phoog
    Nov 8 '21 at 9:53
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It seems you will need an airport transit visa for Germany to transit through the international transit zone.

There is a database called Timatic that practically all airlines use to determine whether a traveller is permitted to apply for entry at their destination country. It is important for airlines to check whether the traveller has to correct type of documents that seem valid as they would otherwise be subject to hefty fines or other punitive measures. (They are not, however, required to perform full checks of validity as an immigration official would. This would be an undue burden.) The database is not always fully up to date but it is very difficult to argue your way through to the plane if Timatic says your documentation is insufficient.

The link above leads to a web form that you can use to enter your own details into Timatic. I obviously had to guess a couple of things. I guessed that your passport will expire around five years from now and that you do not have a return ticket from the US although your trip consisted of only one ticket.

I then ignored the part about the US itself. When I come to the part about Germany, it reads:

Visa required.

Transiting without a visa is possible for:

Nationals of India transiting through Frankfurt (FRA) or Munich (MUC), arriving from a non-Schengen Member State with a confirmed onward ticket for a flight within 24 hours to a third country which is not a Schengen Member State. They must:

  • have a visa issued by Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland (Rep.), Japan, Romania or USA, and
  • stay in the international transit area of the airport, and
  • have documents required for their next destination.

As you do not currently hold a valid visa for the US, the airline is likely not going to allow you to board.

Changing your document from an Indian passport to an 'Authorization for Parole of an Alien into the United States' does not change the part for Germany although the problems stateside disappeared from the output.

In the comments you mentioned that the same was true when you were flying from the US through Germany back to India, having only an expired H1-B visa in your passport. However, Timatic gives the following output:

Visa required.

Transiting without a visa is possible for:

[...]

Nationals of India transiting through Frankfurt (FRA) or Munich (MUC), arriving from a non-Schengen Member State with a confirmed onward ticket for a flight within 24 hours to a third country which is not a Schengen Member State. They must:

  • have a used, valid or expired visa issued by Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland (Rep.), Japan, Romania or USA, and
  • be returning from the country that issued the visa, and
  • stay in the international transit area of the airport, and
  • have documents required for their next destination.

The difference here is that your expired US visa allows you to travel somewhere else if and only if you are returning from the US and have documentation as required for your next destination. The typical case will be somebody on a tourist visa with a layover both outbound and inbound; outbound, they will be able to use their visa as issued by the US, inbound the expired visa will allow them to return home.

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