I received a first dose of AstraZeneca, and a second dose of BioNTech/Pfizer within six weeks. I am wondering if I would be considered fully vaccinated in the EU given that I received this "mix-and-match" vaccination?

More context: I am an EU-Citizen with permanent residency in a non-EU country, where I live. This country is on the EU "green list". I will be travelling from here through a connecting EU country to another EU country, of which I am a citizen. I understand that coming from a "green list" country, I can either present proof of being fully vaccinated, or a negative PCR test upon arrival. I know that AstraZeneca and BioNTech/Pfizer, individually, are recognised, but I have not found clear information about their combination.

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    Since June 2021 mix-and-match has become common place in many countries in Europe and Germany definitely issues EU Digital COVID Certificates in such a situation. Oct 18, 2021 at 5:04
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    There are unfortunately no EU wide rules for which vaccinations or combinations thereof are accepted. It is always up to the acceptor and not the issuer of the vaccination certificate to decide if you are considered fully vaccinated or not. The EU is urging their memeber states to accept combinations of vaccines administrated as part of the official vaccination program in other member states, but to be sure if your combination is accepted, you have to look into the details in the actual countries you are visiting or transiting. Giving an answer for the entire EU is too broad. Oct 18, 2021 at 10:04
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    Lots of AZ+Pfizer in Spain, we issue DCCs without any problem. Time between doses is relevant, if they are too close (it depends on the first shot) the second might be invalidated. And the DCC would only show that you have a complete series (2/2) and that the last one was Pfizer at the date of the second shot, without showing that the first one was AZ.
    – SJuan76
    Oct 18, 2021 at 16:36

2 Answers 2


COVID-19 Mix-and-match (AstraZeneca & BioNTech/Pfizer): Am I considered vaccinated for travel in Europe?

Yes for France.


A ce stade, les autorités françaises acceptent également les combinaisons de vaccins suivantes : AstraZeneca/Pfizer Comirnaty et AstraZeneca/Moderna.


  1. Policies around COVID-19 keep changing, so better check with consulates and airlines for the latest updates.
  2. Each EU country has its own policy regarding the required vaccination, if any.

I had hoped that at least for EU countries, there would be a general EMA guidance, but it appears this is not necessarily the case. So creating a wiki in case people wish to add details for particular countries as it can be a headache to plan travel (e.g., connecting flights). Of course it is important to double-check an authoritative source as information may become quickly out-of-date, and other restrictions may apply (this only relates to who is considered "vaccinated"):

(Feel free to extend with further details for other countries.)

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