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I don't know if anyone will relate but I can't read google maps to navigate. I have to ask 20 people to get to one location. Getting to a new location is always a hassle for me. Because of this reason, I am not able to leave my country for abroad even though I want to move abroad. How can I learn to read maps, can you share a course that can enable me to be able to read maps to navigate? I never want to be lost again, for that I need to learn to read the map.

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    Can you explain what exactly your problem with a navigation program is? It gives you instructions ("go left", "go right", "go straight") and if you follow those you get to where you want to be.
    – Hilmar
    Aug 1 at 21:46
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    Google Maps specifically are terrible for outdoor navigation.
    – Vladimir F
    Aug 2 at 6:30
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    Are you able to follow directions if there is no map, especially if you're at least familiar with your starting point? For example, "From Main St. heading towards home: turn left on 1st St., go three blocks and turn right on Park St., then it's on your right, the house number is 12345." Aug 2 at 15:50
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    The name for the skill you're asking about is orienteering, which might help find resources. Instructions for youth scouts might be useful. Aug 2 at 18:30
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    @LorenPechtel The concepts are largely the same, though: Find known landmarks on the map and orient the map according to your surroundings, then periodically update your location as you move. Aug 3 at 0:26
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Maps are simply a representation of the physical world. IMHO the skill of map reading and navigation is simply being able to view your surroundings, identify distinct features and then relate theses features to the symbols that a shown on the map of your location in order to identify where you presently are. Once you know where you are on the map, you then identify a set of symbols that are between you and your destination, and then locate the real world equivalents of those symbols. This then gives you a real world direction to head in order to get closer to your destination.

Thus the skill set you need to practice will involve:

  1. Be able to pick out physical objects that you can see are likely to be well defined on your map (depending on the type of map you are using this could be anything from mountains to street signs)

  2. Be able to locate on your map the symbols that represent the objects you see.

  3. Be able to orientate the map so that the symbols on the map are in the same relative direction as the objects they represent (EG if the mountain or street sign is to your left, the rotate the map until the symbol of that mountain or street sign is also to your left

  4. Cross check the map against at least two other real world objects. (Orientating to 3 objects is the minimum you need to identify your actual location) and repeat steps 1-3 until everything is consistent.

  5. Then from knowing where you are, where your destination is, and having the map correctly orientated you can plot a path on your destination.

  6. As a part of this plotting you note what would be the next unique physical object that expect to see on your journey, and you head towards it (EG another mountain or street sign)

  7. Compare your physical journey with with symbols on the map to ensure that you are actually heading in the correct direction - and if not, turn around.

  8. Repeat all the previous steps until you arrive at you destination.

In addition it's also handy to be able to use the position of the sun or moon to help you identify North/South/East/west as maps in general are oriented with North at the top - so knowing where North is can make things easier (although after having grown up in the southern hemisphere, my sense of where North was was really screwed around with when living in the northern hemisphere)

Like all skill map reading and navigation improve with practice. But you can do this bit by bit. EG start out with a map of your neighborhood and proceed to walk around it and identify where you are on the map. Then increase the size of the area you want to navigate through as your confidence increases. In addition you can study maps before going on a journey and pre-plan key locations (mountains or intersections) and the directions you should head when you encounter them.

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    When I worked for the UK mapping agency, the Ordnance Survey, I learned that many people just can't read maps. Period. A 1988 poll found 24 million Americans were unable to identify the United States on a map of the world and 25 percent of those surveyed could not locate the Pacific Ocean. Aug 2 at 10:18
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    @MichaelHarvey - conversely, for the first 10 years I used a hand-held [primitive by the last decade's standards, but i was an early adopter due to my job] satnav in-car I always had to have it set to North-up or I couldn't cope. 20 years of just 'turning it round in my head' took a long time to overcome when satnavs started to use head-up instead. ;)
    – Tetsujin
    Aug 2 at 10:46
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    @Tetsujin - I venture to think the figures would be similar, if not larger, for my country (the UK).. The London Underground "map" that most people use is in fact a diagram with no relation to geographic reality, and a significant number of people make journeys involving two tube lines to travel between stations that are about 500 yards apart. Aug 2 at 11:09
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    @Tetsujin Discounting journeys with changes, Transport for London collects £100,000 a year in fares from an average of 862 people each week paying £2.40 to travel between Covent Garden and Leicester Square on the Piccadilly Line. They are on the same street, 275 yards apart. By the time you have walked from street level to the platform, you could have walked the journey. Marylebone and Edgware Road would count if you want there to be a change of line. Aug 2 at 11:45
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    @MichaelHarvey: The NYC subway is so much worse, that when they tried to switch from a geographic to an abstract map, the New Yorkers revolted and they had to go back to the geographic map. It probably helps that Manhattan is basically a grid and many of the stations have nondescript names like "23rd Street."
    – Kevin
    Aug 2 at 18:30
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You could practice navigating by map in an environment you know very well.

Get a map of the neighborhood you live in, and go for a walk while looking at the map. Look at landmarks in your surrounding, like streets, buildings or water and try to identify them on the map. Then find out where you are by comparing the relative positions of things on the map to the relative positions in real life. Then make the decision to walk from there to some other place you can identify on the map by following the paths you see on the map.

Then try the same thing in an environment you are vaguely familiar with but don't know completely inside-out.

Then try an environment you've never been to before.


By the way: The maps on Google aren't the best. Open Street Map often has far more detailed maps than Google. But Google often lists more businesses and other points of interest, which can occasionally be useful for both navigation and tourism. Local geography bureaus often have even more detailed maps but with even less advertisement. Compare this village in Switzerland on Google Maps, Open Street Map and on Swisstopo, the geography service from the Swiss government.

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    IMO Google Maps are close to useless for anything except navigating a vehicle along roads. But of course that is what Google created them for.
    – alephzero
    Aug 2 at 11:23
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    @alephzero One thing Google has, though is Street View. Knowing how things actually look on the ground can give you a lot of useful information which you can't get from a map. However, I try to avoid it while planning hikes because of spoilers.
    – Philipp
    Aug 2 at 11:25
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    IMO Google Street View has far too much irrelevant information to be useful as a map. If you want to use it to create a virtual photograph from a chosen viewing point, that's a different use case.
    – alephzero
    Aug 2 at 11:27
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    @alephzero I didn't claim that Street View can replace a map, but it can provide useful information occasionally. "Does this road have a sidewalk?", "Is this an actual restaurant or just a street food vendor?", "Is this campsite actually as beautiful as its website claims?" "Is this forest thick enough that I can stealth-camp?" - all information you can't get from a map but can get from Street View.
    – Philipp
    Aug 2 at 11:35
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    @Philipp Pavements / side walks may be mapped on Openstreetmap and Soviet topographic maps contain the thickness, height, and density of trees, so at least those two aspects can be obtained from (some) maps in principle (and I think not many campgrounds are on Street View).
    – gerrit
    Aug 2 at 12:20
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Have you tried Live View on Google Maps? This uses your phone to figure out where you are and shows instructions on your screen layered on top of the camera view, making it easy to navigate.

enter image description here

In addition, it shows the regular map view at the bottom, showing you how the map relates to the real world.

Note: Not supported in all locations or on all devices.

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Start at home, and work with your own familiar territory. Get maps for that.

Work with REAL maps, for Pete's sake

The kind of maps that fold out to quite a large size.

You need the huge, enormous size. Because you need to be able to see both the large and small at the same time.

Trying to do maps on a phone is hopeless. It's like trying to look at a paper map through a shutter the size of your phone. Yes, you can "zoom out" on a phone, but then, you lose all the detail. With a paper map, you can really 'take it all in'.

For instance, get a map of California and try to hand-plot a course from Carson City NV to Bakersfield CA. On a paper map, you can see there's a big problem. The Sierra Nevada is in the way! I can't show you that, because no computer screen is large enough or clear enough to fully convey what a real map can show. (that's kinda the point).

But on a phone, you see either this

enter image description here

which doesn't even show the US-395 route east of the mountains or this

enter image description here

Where the hell is this? How does this even connect to the rest of the map?

Who is surprised this is obtuse and impenetrable?

Once you're working with real maps of size, you will start developing the skill on your own to recognize how the physical world you observe corresponds to what is on the paper. You will see marks you don't recognize (e.g. on a topo*) and you can simply go there and look what that is.

Once you've mastered paper maps, the phone maps become a "pocket guide".

It's a super horrible map, but it's a pocket map of territory you already know/remember from the real map. And it makes up for the horribleness by having Harry Potter-like features, like saying "show me gas stations" and they just pop up. Or give you turn-by-turn directions to the nearest Culver's. Or not having to elbow the driver in the face just to unfold them.

Never pass up a real map

But I really hope, if you listen to me, that everytime you pass a Welcome Center, you'll step in and pick up one of the free maps that most provincial Departments of Transportation issue. And you'll spend at least a few minutes poring over every detail of the map, at least in the areas of interest.

The best source for maps are travel clubs, such as America's AAA. You have to be a member, but they have collections of maps that all match each other. For instance there'd be no trouble covering a wall in your home with a "collage" of regional maps of a province, make sure they are all the same scale. Now you can step back and see the big view, or step in and see the detail.

For larger cities, they also make city maps that drill down to every single street. These maps too may be in several sectionals, for a large city like Chicago or the Bay Area.

Printing maps from online sources wouldn't really be the same. Generally, online maps are rendered for screen resolution of 75 DPI more or less... real maps have resolutions of about 600 DPI.

Also, online maps delete many features, since one can flip back and forth. For instance the above maps, taken from Apple Maps, are terrain view. Turning off terrain shows more roads, but hides terrain, and even then, doesn't show many roads at all, since you could zoom or ask for a route to see those roads. Real maps show it all.

Try to avoid map atlases and books, such as Thomas Guide. Unless they are VERY large, they have the same basic problem as a phone - they just aren't big enough to show both overview and detail.

Other map types

Other sources of remarkable maps include aviation maps, which include a lot of airways data and show every railroad (which most maps do not).

And another excellent source is US Geological Survey Topographical Maps or "topos". The entire country is done in these maps, and are available for a few dollars in large sheet form, or online of course. They dispassionately show the territory with gradient lines for terrain, and many technical details well beyond the interest of automobile drivers, such as logging roads, mines, drains, and abandoned railroad lines. These are superb detail maps for outdoor activities, but you still need the large maps to get oriented to where you are.

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    That about sums it up about maps. People routinely mistake navigation systems for maps. Waze will do a better job than most people in finding an optimal route, especially when traffic is involved, or when someone has been driving the same route for two decades and never bothered re-examining if maybe a better alternate exists. But Waze or Google Maps are not something you can use to navigate yourself. For that, you need to build a mental model, and that's done with things sufficiently large. A tablet is barely enough, a PC screen still leaves something to be desired. An A2 or A1 map? Yes! Aug 3 at 6:56
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    +1 good answer. Regarding "[...] Welcome Center, [...] pick up one of the free maps that most provincial Departments of Transportation issue" - the equivalent in Europe is a Tourist Information Office, and there'll be one in almost every single city, town, and village; which will give out free maps of the local area and will also have better larger maps for sale. They're usually located near train stations or other transport hubs, and have a sign with the tourist information symbol of a white lowercase i on a blue background.
    – Aaron F
    Aug 3 at 11:00

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