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I'm a Bulgarian national that is living and working in Portugal with Permanent Residence Card and would like to visit Switzerland as my SO is currently living and working there.

Does the 90/180 rule apply?

I've been applying the rule just to be safe, but I've never been stopped at border when I flew in (or flew out) nor when I entered (or exited) with my own vehicle.

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No. Bulgaria is a member state of the European Union. As a Bulgarian national, you are also a citizen of the union and you enjoy freedom of movement in the Schengen area.

As long as you don't live in Switzerland for more than 3 months at a time you are within your rights.

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    Entry to Switzerland and residence for citizens of EU/EFTA countries: For a stay over 90 days you will require an authorisation from the migration authority of the canton concerned. – Mark Johnson Jan 23 at 7:55
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    This answer desperately needs to cite a source. – Kyralessa Jan 23 at 11:55
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    @MarkJohnson the rule you cite has nothing to do to with the 90/180 rule. – phoog Jan 23 at 13:21
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    This is probably a bit of a shortcut. Switzerland may be in Schengen, but it’s not an EU member state, so the EU freedom of movement provisions do not apply. Switzerland have their own free movement agreement with the EU, which has different rules. So the 90/180 rule may not apply, but there lay be other restrictions (as highlighted by @MarkJohnson). Ahhh the wonderful world of intersecting transnational agreements... – jcaron Jan 23 at 13:40
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    @MarkJohnson I'm not sure what you mean by "no, it doesn't"; are you agreeing or disagreeing? The free movement right of residence, whether for less or more than three months, is entirely distinct from the 90/180 rule. As for practical advice for The OP, it depends rather on the duration (and possibly frequency) of the anticipated periods of presence in Switzerland. These are not mentioned in the question. – phoog Jan 23 at 19:04

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