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If a flight is taken from India to Amsterdam where there is a layover and then to Munich, is the immigration done at Amsterdam or at Munich? Since most Schengen flights are treated similar to domestic flights.

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Immigration and visas are handled at the level of the Schengen Area, not the EU. The Schengen Area covers most of the EU, but some EU countries are not in Schengen (such as Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria...), while some non-EU countries are in Schengen (such as Switzerland, Norway...).

Source

  • Dark blue = EU + Schengen
  • Green and yellow = EU, not Schengen (UK in transition period)
  • Purple = Schengen, not EU
  • Light blue = not EU, "de facto" Schengen

A flight within Schengen (not within the EU) is indeed treated like a domestic flight for immigration purposes, so passport control will happen at the first point in the Schengen Area (Amsterdam in your example, since both Amsterdam and Munich are in the Schengen Area).

Note that this applies only to immigration (passport/visa control). Customs checks still happen at the final airport (in most cases).

Also note that in some cases (e.g. due to the migrant crisis) there may be additional checks even within the Schengen Area. These are supposed to be temporary.

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    @JosephP. Those are San Marino, Monaco and Vatican, which are treated as part of the Schengen Zone, and Andorra, which is not (so if you want to visit Andorra, you need a multiple entry Schengen visa as opposed to a single entry).
    – JakeDot
    Oct 13 '20 at 10:24
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    The map contains a small error: Luxemburg is also member both of the EU and the Schengen area (in fact, the village that gave the Schengen treaty its name is in Luxemburg) Oct 13 '20 at 12:25
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    @DiegoSánchez, Switzerland is purple (-ish), so it is indeed "full" Schengen, like Iceland and Norway. Only the 3 micro-states Monaco, San Marino and Vatican are light blue and "de facto". Switzerland could not be "de facto" since it is possible to arrive there from outside the Schengen Area (by air), while this is nearly impossible for Vatican and San Marino. Not sure how Monaco handles arrivals/departures by sea, though.
    – jcaron
    Oct 13 '20 at 13:47
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    The map shows the Republic of Ireland in green, not just the UK. Should the Republic of Ireland be a different color? Oct 13 '20 at 19:22
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    @Panzercrisis No, Ireland is EU, but not Schengen, which is what the green color is for. It's the UK that will change color once it exits the transition period, in which case it will be neither EU nor Schengen.
    – reirab
    Oct 13 '20 at 22:31

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