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I read on this answer by phoog:

I routinely use different passports for different flights on the same booking (a US passport and an EU passport) because I am typically flying between the US and the EU. Once ETIAS goes into operation, this will likely become even more common, as there will be additional motivation for dual US/EU citizens not to use their US passports to fly to the EU.

Why will ETIAS add some motivation for dual US/EU citizens not to use their US passports to fly to the EU?


ETIAS stands for European Travel Information and Authorization System. It is a completely electronic system which allows and keeps track of visitors from countries who do not need a visa to enter the Schengen Zone. From the end of 2022, all US citizens traveling to Europe for short-term stays will be obliged to have an ETIAS visa waiver with them before their trip.

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  • (2020) ETIAS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - ETIAS.COM I have dual citizenship for an E.U. country (e.g. Italy, France, Germany, etc.) and for an ETIAS eligible country (e.g. USA, Canada, Australia), do I need an ETIAS?: No, you should use the passport of the E.U. or ETIAS member country to enter and exit Europe. You will not need an ETIAS if you travel using the passport of the E.U. member country. Commented Aug 9, 2020 at 7:31
  • Since the exact questions for the ETIAS (introduction now planed for late 2022) application are not known (such as list of other citizenships), it is not reliably known if an application will be refused if you are also an EU Citizen. Note the usage of the word should in the answer to the appropriate FAQ. So either they have no objection of peaple wasting € 7 or that peaple will be using a bit of common sense when planning their travels. Commented Aug 9, 2020 at 7:49

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I guess you said it in your question -- people traveling on their US passports would need the ETIAS authorization beforehand to enter Europe. Traveling on their EU passport would presumably save that step (along with any associated fees).

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  • Thanks, I didn't realize that using the US passport would result in having to complete in the ETIAS authorization process before the flight. Commented Aug 8, 2020 at 23:58
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    @FranckDernoncourt what did you think then? Some early materials even said that EU citizens would have to use their EU passports because they would be ineligible for ETIAS authorization even with a non-EU passport (similar to Canada's eTA). They may have reconsidered that position, though, because I haven't seen this mentioned in more recent materials.
    – phoog
    Commented Aug 9, 2020 at 0:10
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    @MarkJohnson That could be useful for a country to know when their citizens enter the country. Commented Aug 9, 2020 at 1:18
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    @Frank Dernoncourt Why didn't you realise that using the US passport would result in having to complete in the ETIAS authorization process before the flight? You wrote it in your question...
    – Traveller
    Commented Aug 9, 2020 at 6:19
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    @Frank Dernoncourt Of course not, but if the US passport is the one the traveller chooses to use, it’s logical that rules pertaining to that citizenship will apply.
    – Traveller
    Commented Aug 9, 2020 at 8:09

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