Can a non-EU citizen visiting the EU actually go to a driving school and get a driver's license? Or will the person be required to be a resident/citizen (of the EU)?
I've found a similar answer for the US but am still unsure about the EU.
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Unlikely. Though you can still go to driving schools at least in some countries.
The EU directive on driving licences provides:
- Driving licences shall be issued only to those applicants:
(e) who have their normal residence in the territory of the Member State issuing the licence, or can produce evidence that they have been studying there for at least six months
For the purpose of this Directive, ‘normal residence’ means the place where a person usually lives, that is for at least 185 days in each calendar year, because of personal and occupational ties, or, in the case of a person with no occupational ties, because of personal ties which show close links between that person and the place where he is living.
However, the normal residence of a person whose occupational ties are in a different place from his personal ties and who consequently lives in turn in different places situated in two or more Member States shall be regarded as being the place of his personal ties, provided that such person returns there regularly. This last condition need not be met where the person is living in a Member State in order to carry out a task of a definite duration. Attendance at a university or school shall not imply transfer of normal residence.
I'll answer your question exclusively for Switzerland, as we are part of Europe but not the European Union and not all EU laws apply.
In short: No. According to the "Verkehrszulassungsverordnung"(VZV, Traffic Admission Ordinance) Article 5k for a person to be eligible for a learner permit or the full permit that person's place of residence must be within Switzerland. Place of residence is defined as
Der Wohnsitz einer Person befindet sich an dem Orte, wo sie sich mit der Absicht dauernden Verbleibens aufhält; der Aufenthalt zum Zweck der Ausbildung oder die Unterbringung einer Person in einer Erziehungs- oder Pflegeeinrichtung, einem Spital oder einer Strafanstalt begründet für sich allein keinen Wohnsitz
Under Article 23 A in the "Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch" (Swiss civil code)
Which basically states that the place of residence is the place where the person intends to remain. Although if the stay is for the purpose of education/ training or the accommodation of a person in an educational or care facility, a hospital or a prison does not itself constitute a place of residence.
So in a little longer: No, unless you intend to remain here for one of the many reasons not listed above
The process in Ireland is as follows:
Steps 2 and 4 are problematic at the moment due to the COVID pandemic. These will reopen soon but with severe backlogs. Allow a minimum of six months to obtain a licence.
If you're looking for a driver's license just to drive in Europe as a tourist, there is a much cheaper and easier way: the International Driving Permit. The link is for AAA if you're in the US, but other countries like Canada have the equivalent for an equally low price. Happy travels!