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According to the most recent list from the EU here, Third countries whose residents should not be affected by temporary external borders restriction on non-essential travel into the EU includes Japan.

I am American, which is DEFINITELY not on the list, but I live in Japan with a spouse visa, and thus could be considered a resident of Japan. I have not traveled to the US since November of 2019.

Do you think I would be allowed in? For context, I'm thinking of flying into either Germany or Portugal (haven't decided yet).

Thanks!

UPDATE: I have reached out to the German border police (at bpolp.referat.22@polizei.bund.de) for more information, and they replied (within 6 hours!) with this:

thank you for your question. You can currently only enter Germany with a valid reason. It is intended that travelers from Japan be exempt from these restrictions. However, this only applies when EU citizens in Japan are no longer subject to restrictions.

It seems that since Japan currently doesn't accept German travelers unconditionally, the opposite still does not apply.

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  • "I live in Japan with a spouse visa, and thus could be considered a resident of Japan": I would say "I live in Japan with a spouse visa, so I am a resident of Japan." It doesn't seem that you could be considered a resident of any other place. – phoog Jul 3 '20 at 2:41
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    @phoog Depending on where else he may have lived over the past couple of years, he could certainly be considered a resident of one or more other countries, at least for tax purposes. – Mike Scott Jul 3 '20 at 10:03
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    You wrote to the border police, which is much better than the embassy – Crazydre Jul 3 '20 at 13:36
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TL;DR: you would probably not be allowed in for Germany, but worth trying to confirm with German authorities. Below is for Germany but you can check other EU countries the same way.


reopen.europa.eu info for Germany:

As a third-country national coming from outside the EU and Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein, may I enter this country without exceptional restrictions?

YES, WITH LIMITATION. Travellers from Australia, Georgia, Canada, Montenegro, New Zealand, Thailand, Tunisia and Uruguay will be able to enter without restrictions from 2 July. That will also apply to Japan, South Korea and China -- but only if those countries also allow people from Germany to enter. For the determination of the entry possibility, the previous location of the travelers is decisive, not their nationality. Regardless of the entry options in Germany, a quarantine obligation based on the Infection Protection Act applies in all federal states for incoming and returning travelers from the risk areas specified by the RKI. With the exception of passengers in transit traffic, this also applies in principle to travelers with an important travel reason. An exception to the quarantine applies to the current negative test. The most important goal of all considerations remains to secure the further containment of the pandemic.

Last update: 01-07-2020

See https://www.iatatravelcentre.com/international-travel-document-news/1580226297.htm whether Japan refuse travelers from Germany (depends to whom you're married to, e.g. looks like Japan accepts travelers from Germany if spouse of nationals of Japan, but since Japan doesn't accept most/all travelers from Japan, German maturely reciprocate by also not allowing travelers from Japan).

https://www.iatatravelcentre.com/international-travel-document-news/1580226297.htm for Japan:

Published 01.07.2020

  1. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep., Chile, China (People's Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Congo (Dem. Rep.), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Eswatini, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong (SAR China), Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland (Rep.), Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Korea (Rep.), Kosovo (Rep.), Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR China), Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova (Rep.), Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, North Macedonia (Rep.), Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russian Fed., San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Uruguay, USA, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Vatican City (Holy See) or Viet Nam in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter until 31 July 2020.
    • This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
    • This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.
    • This does not apply to residents of Japan with “Permanent Resident", "Spouse or Child of Japanese National", "Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident" or "Long Term Resident", who have departed Japan with Re-entry Permission by 2 April 2020.
    • This does not apply to residents of Japan with “Permanent Resident", "Spouse or Child of Japanese National", "Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident" or "Long Term Resident", who have departed Japan with Re-entry Permission between 3 April and 28 April 2020 and have only been in Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Cape Verde, Colombia, Djibouti, Dominican Rep., El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Maldives, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Qatar, Russian Fed., Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, St. Kitts and Nevis, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, Ukraine or Uruguay.
    • This does not apply to residents of Japan with “Permanent Resident", "Spouse or Child of Japanese National", "Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident" or "Long Term Resident", who have departed Japan with Re-entry Permission between 29 April and 15 May 2020 and have only been in Afghanistan, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Cape Verde, Colombia, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Maldives, Pakistan, South Africa, Sao Tome and Principe, Tajikistan or Uruguay.
    • This does not apply to residents of Japan with “Permanent Resident", "Spouse or Child of Japanese National", "Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident" or "Long Term Resident", who have departed Japan with Re-entry Permission between 16 May and 26 May 2020 and have only been in Afghanistan, Argentina, Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, South Africa or Tajikistan.
    • This does not apply to residents of Japan with “Permanent Resident", "Spouse or Child of Japanese National", "Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident" or "Long Term Resident", who have departed Japan with Re-entry Permission between 27 May and 30 June 2020 and have only been in Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Rep., Costa Rica, Cuba, Eswatini, Georgia, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Iraq, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Senegal or St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
    • This does not apply to passengers with a Special Permanent Residence Permit. However, they must have a Re-entry Permit from a regional immigration officer.
    • This does not apply to US military personnel.
  2. A completed "Quarantine Questionnaire" must be presented upon arrival.
  3. Passengers and airline crew are subject to medical screening.
  4. Visa exemption for passengers with passengers with a British passport, Hong Kong (SAR China) passport, Macao (SAR China) passport is suspended.
  5. Visa exemption for nationals of Andorra, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czechia, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Rep., El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Israel, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay and Vatican City (Holy See) is suspended.
  6. Visa exemption for nationals of Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Colombia, Georgia, India, Kazakhstan, Lao People's Dem. Rep., Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Qatar, Samoa, Solomon Isl., Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Viet Nam with a diplomatic, official or service passport is suspended.
  7. Visa exemption granted to passengers with an APEC Business Travel Card issued by Brunei Darussalam, China (People's Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Indonesia, Korea (Rep.), Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russian Fed., Singapore, Thailand or Viet Nam, is suspended.
  8. Nationals of China (People's Rep.) with a passport issued in Hubei Province or Zhejiang Province (China People's Rep.) are not allowed to enter Japan.
    • This does not apply when passengers can prove that they have not been in Hubei Province and Zhejiang Province the last 14 days.
  9. Passengers who were in the cruise ship 'Westerdam' are not allowed to enter Japan.
    • This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
  10. Visas issued on or before 8 March 2020 by the Embassies, Consulates-General and Consulate of Japan in China (People's Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) are invalidated.
  11. Visas issued on or before 20 March 2020 by the Embassies, Consulates-General and Consulate of Japan in Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom or Vatican City (Holy See) are invalidated.
  12. Visas issued on or before 27 March 2020 by the Embassies, Consulates-General and Consulate of Japan in Bahrain, Brunei Darussalam, Congo (Dem. Rep.), Indonesia, Israel, Malaysia, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Thailand or Viet Nam are invalidated.
  13. Visas issued on or before 2 April 2020 by the Embassies, Consulates-General and Consulate of Japan in Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep., Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Isl., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Rep., El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini (Swaziland), Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Lao People's Dem. Rep., Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Isl., Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States), Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestinian Territory, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Russian Fed., Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles , Sierra Leone, Solomon Isl., Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia or Zimbabwe are invalidated.
  14. Passengers transiting through Tokyo (NRT) must transit on the same calendar day.
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  • 1
    I think you are reading it wrongly. The 'if japan allows travellers' is not about the individual category but generally. German embassy currently states:"EU allows to lift travel ban, but Germany didnt lift it" (paraphrased) japan.diplo.de/ja-de/aktuelles/-/2320336#content_0 – lalala Jul 3 '20 at 6:36
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    Read the update to the original question for clarification on their official position: Japan has essentially been added to a list of countries to which Germany will respond reciprocally. Once Japan opens its borders to non-essential travel by Germans (July 31st according to the link in the answer above), then travelers from Japan can similarly enjoy the same freedoms in their travel to Germany. – midblue Jul 3 '20 at 6:42
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    @lalala and midblue got it, thanks, yes I had some doubts when reading the text regarding the reciprocity condition. Why can't they write information unambiguously... Good luck relaunching the travel and tourist industries with all these confusions. – Franck Dernoncourt Jul 3 '20 at 13:31
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    I also wish they would announce things centrally, authoritavley and more clearly. Especially the local 'Allgemeinverfügungen' might really put once leg into jail without knowing. (some districts required you self-quarantined when entering from another country. But of course nobody told you, only when they later trace other cases and you admitted coming from another country they filed charges; or so I have been told) – lalala Jul 3 '20 at 14:45

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