No countries requires you to show a travel history in order to get a tourist visa.
Instead, your previous travels are just one of many things that they will consider when determining if they will issue you a visa or not. Countless other criteria, including you financial status, your family situations, you job/career, real estate, other ties to your current residence, criminal history, how you act during the interview, etc, etc will all be considered.
In general the intent is to determine if you are likely to remain (illegal) in the country the visa is being issued for, or if you will return to your home country. Being able to show a previous history of returning home after travel will help them make that determination, but it's far from being the only criteria.