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In some nations, invitation letters are not required to apply for a visa (as not everyone knows someone living in the country).

Does this apply to some other nations like Greece, Norway or Switzerland?

I am applying for a normal Tourist visa and am a Nigerian citizen.

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For the Schengen countries you do not need an invitation, but you need to show you have enough money and a good reason to return home, and Norway, Greece and Switzerland are all Schengen countries.

The money is not a given amount but showing that you get in enough money more than you need for your life at home that you can afford to spend it on travel.
Good reasons to return home are dependents (elderly parents, wife, children) a good job or own company, owning a house, being in the later stages of a study you can and want to complete.
You do not need all of those but enough that the visa officials are convinced it is very likely for you to go home rather than stay in the country you visit.
The amount of money is also based on the travel cost (on average) from your country to where you want to go and the cost of staying in that country.
The different countries mention the minimum amounts needed for staying there. For Greece it is €50 per day (minimum €300 for a stay of up to 5 days); for Norway there is no fixed minimum but their guide is NOK500 per day for visitors who are not staying with relations or friends. For Switzerland it is approx CHF100 daily, (thanks to @Traveller, from a comment.)

There are people who try to use all their life savings on one travel. Immigration will find this suspicious and likely deny them a visa.

Being from Nigeria is not going to help you, while still many people from your country get visa, a relatively high percentage of visa applications from people from your country are rejected.
Having a very strong application is needed, but an invitation letter is not often part of that.

  • "but an invitation letter is not often part of that" Are invitations ever required by Schengen countries? That's the first time I hear about it. – Mast Apr 22 at 11:46
  • @Mast An invitation would be appropriate (‘required’) in certain circumstances eg if the applicant stated they were going to stay with friends. – Traveller Apr 22 at 12:13
  • @Mast I once traveled to Switzerland for attending a tech conference. I submitted the invitation given by the organizer since it is mentioned in list of required documents for visa. I am from India. – ViKiG Apr 22 at 13:57
  • If an invitation letter makes sense in the context of the purpose of travel, then it will already exist (e.g. the letter from @ViKiG's conference) and sending it can help. But independent tourists won't have one and there is no place to obtain one, because it doesn't make sense for such a tourist to have an invitation letter, so it's not necessary. – Michael Hampton Apr 22 at 15:14
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    @MichaelHampton Going to a conference is usually like going to a hotel: you pay whatever it costs and then you turn up. Conference organizers are aware of visa requirements so will usually supply an invitation letter if asked to, but that letter usually doesn't "already exist". – David Richerby Apr 22 at 16:16

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