In the UK it is the social norm to not use these facilities without urgent or specific need.
As in the linked question; if there is no queue, then the dichotomy need never arise, so this only really applies when it's busy.
I know of no hard & fast rule, but etiquette says that unless you have some particular urgent need, then you will queue for your own gender-specific toilet rather than take the empty 'disabled' one.
If someone were to use it, one would at least expect them to make some excuse or look apologetic. Their peers in the other queue would be their moral judge, even if no-one said anything out loud.
I imagine someone not visibly disabled will by now have learned how to not be discomfited by that 'moral judgement' & know how to handle it.
I, personally, once had to do it in a busy London railway station where the normal gender-specific facilities were already busy. I needed to completely change my clothes [because of a job I had been doing in the station itself. I had been briefly given a hotel room to change into... but not out of the costume I had to wear]. I needed the space even more than the privacy, so it was my only option. I felt uncomfortable the entire time, even though I felt I was justified that one time in using it.
Some buildings don't have three-way facilities, so the rules there would change to be the same as any single room facility.
In reference to something I just noticed from the comments under the linked answer - in the UK the 'disabled' or to give it its truly nerve-itching official politically-correct title - the "semi-ambulant toilet" - is usually [though not absolutely always] a separate room, not merely a larger stall in an otherwise shared facility.
It is completely private, enclosed & self-contained, accessible via a 3rd door, with its own washing & drying facilities. It sometimes, but not usually, has to share as a mother & baby room, but usually that would only be in smaller, less-frequented establishments.