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This question already has an answer here:

Do I need transit visa in Frankfurt to claim my check- in luggage to transfer to another airlines? I'll be travelling to Canada via Frankfurt.

marked as duplicate by Henning Makholm, Traveller, Giorgio, phoog, choster Nov 16 '18 at 15:44

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    Whether you need a visa depends on your nationality and possibly what visa you already have. Can you edit the question with those details. And whether you need to claim and check your luggage depends on the ticket(s) you have, so if you add those as well we can help you better. – Willeke Nov 16 '18 at 13:54
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    If you need to claim luggage, then you need to enter the Schengen area. Depending on your nationality you may or may not need a visa for that. See Do I need a visa to transit (or layover) in the Schengen area? – Henning Makholm Nov 16 '18 at 13:57
  • I'm traveling to Canada via Frankfurt and I have 2 different ticket booking, should I claim my luggage or it will be transferred to my next flight? And do I need transit visa ? I'm holding a Canada visit visa... – Maria Nov 16 '18 at 14:09
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    Please add to the Question what country issued your Passport. – Johns-305 Nov 16 '18 at 15:11
  • Please also add to the question your point of origin. The answer to this question is very different if you are flying from (for example) Belgrade or Budapest. – phoog Nov 16 '18 at 15:20
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Generally with major carriers and major hub airports in europe if all your flights are on one ticket (regardless of whether they are on the same airline or not) your baggage will be checked through and you will be able to transit airside.

On the other hand if you have two seperate tickets (as you say in a comment that you do) you will usually have to pick up and re-check your baggage and that means entering the country and transiting landside. This is one of many reasons why it is generally a bad idea to split a journey over multiple seperate tickets even if it looks slightly cheaper.

Another wrinkle is the airlines, even if you have no checked baggage the airline may refuse to board you for a flight if you will not be able to enter the destination on your ticket. They may not care that you have another ticket from a different airline.

Yet another wrinkle can be smaller airports or low cost carriers. These may not be set up with facilities for airside transit.

Yet another wrinkle is if your itinary contains any domestic or Schengen internal flights. Again in such cases a landside transit is needed.

Your Canadian visa exmempts you from airside transit Visa requirements in the Schengen area but not from visa requirements for landside transits. So if your nationality does not allow Visa-free visits to the Schengen area it looks like you will need to either get a Visa or rearrange your itinary.

  • Without knowing what country issued OP's Passport, any Answer is entirely speculative. – Johns-305 Nov 16 '18 at 15:12

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