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I am Taiwanese, and I am in Belgium with my 3 months tourist visa. If I travel to Portugal after my 3 months tourist visa is expired, will someone check that at the airport? My guess is that no, they will only check when I want to come back to Taiwan. What do you think?

All the times I traveled I don't remember them looking at anything other than the first page of my passport, not my entry date.

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As long as you are already within the Schengen area, you can usually travel to other countries (e.g. between Belgium and Portugal) without any immigration checks. Due to the 'refugee situation', there are currently more or less permanent immigration checkpoints at some internal Schengen borders and higher chances than usual for a random check at other borders. I do not believe that flights between Portugal and Belgium are affected by these 'temporary' measurements. Some airlines (Ryanair) do however check your immigration status also on flights within the Schengen area and will at least refuse to transport you if you are staying illegaly.

When eventually leaving the Schengen area to go home to Taiwan, you will however have to go through immigration exit checkpoints and you must expect that your overstay will be noticed. The penalties for overstaying are defined in national laws or regulations and depend on which country you are exiting from. You may have to face an entry ban for several years.

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Yes there are emigration checks at the airport. Yes they check for visa overstayers. Enforcement varies between countries. Penalties range from fines to re-entry bans.

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Are you flying or going overland from Belgium to Portugal? Airports check carefully for the sake of aviation security but still might not allow you to board your flight because of your immigration status.

Also, the fact that you didn't see them check your entry date doesn't mean it wasn't checked automatically by the passport scanner system.

  • Airport security checks are usually not concerned with visa/immigration status. In many European airports they don't even ask to see ID (much less visas) during the security screening process. (This is different in the US, mainly for security theater reasons). – Henning Makholm May 22 '18 at 10:38
  • @henningmakholm I'm sure you know this but for the sake of completeness: security is multi-layered. One layer is when you present your documents at check in. Another is when you and your hand luggage get scanned. There are other layers. I take your point about security theatre, which refers to security measures which some people see as being more for appearance than for practical effect. – user16259 May 22 '18 at 11:58

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