Many jurisdictions around the world have a points based system for measuring driving offences. In some places, like Italy, a new license holder starts off with a fixed number of points which are then deducted based on the severity of the offence committed. When a certain threshold is reached, the licence is then revoked or suspended for a fixed period of time. In other cases, like New York State, a new license holder starts with no points, and points are added after an offence based on its severity. Just like above, after a certain threshold of points is reached, the license is revoked or suspended. In each case, a driver's data is added to a system where it can be accessed by any law enforcement officer.
For example, if I'm caught for speeding today in New York City and receive 3 points on my license, a police officer will add that information to a central database. If, tomorrow, I'm caught for speeding again, a totally different officer will be able to access information about my license and determine that I'm a repeat offender.
In most of these places, you are also legally allowed to drive with a foreign driver's license, with or without an international driving permit. These foreign licenses may not confirm to the same format as the locally issued licenses for that jurisdiction. For instance, some Indian states still issue paper licenses without any digital chip or machine readable data. This license will not be readable by a points system for New York State. How do such jurisdictions keep a track of driving offences for visitors or tourists who do not have a local license?