For starters, this is all before going to the embassy. I'm trying to get my immediate questions answered before I have to make the trip into the city. I am a United States citizen.
I am going to be studying abroad from late August 2018 until December 2018 (classes end on the 15th of Dec) in Florence, Italy. I plan on doing plenty of short travels during my stay, but after classes end on the 15th, I was hoping to spend my holiday in Switzerland and visit a friend in Germany. I would have to return to the states by the 15th of January for my own reasons.
My question is how I might accomplish this! My student's visa will likely not extend to the holiday, so I was wondering if I'd need to apply for a visitor's visa in advance that starts after my Student Visa ends? Does that work?