In general, the departure and arrival time are considered the time that the parking brake on the plane is released and applied respectively. For most major airlines, this is actually recorded automatically - the moment the brake is released the 'departure' time is recorded, and the moment it is re-applied at the destination the 'arrival' time is recorded.
On departure the parking brake is only released once the entire plane is boarded, the jetbridge/stairs have been removed, and the plane is ready to actually start taxiing (although in practice it might not actually taxi at that time due to any number of factors including other planes blocking it).
On arrival, the parking brake is set only after the plane has arrived at the gate, and before the seat-belt sign is extinguished and the jetbridge/stairs are bought to the plane, and before the door is opened.
In some cases a slightly different definition is used. For example the European Union "EU261" compensation uses the time that the aircraft door is opened as the arrival time.
So in the example given, the flight is at most 1 hour and 10 minutes delayed - although it could be less if the plane was ready to taxi before it actually started doing so.
In general, the exact length of a delay on departure is not all that relevant. What is generally seen as far more important is the arrival delay, which will frequently be significantly less than the departure delay.