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I just cleared Frankfurt Airport immigration. The police woman /immigration official at the border check took my visa and returned it. However, I noticed that she didn't put the exit stamp.

When I checked back with her, she said no stamp is needed for the type D visa (long stay, multiple entries). However for my other visits I've always received the stamp, both under type C and type D travels.

  1. Is the exit stamp not necessary in this case?
  2. Will this cause issues for me in the future? (I now have one entry to Germany at the end of November, but no exit)

Note: My visa expires on the 9th of January 2018, this is my last travel on this visa. I will be traveling again after I get a new visa (work).

Bonus questions : if the pp doesn't matter for a type D visa, what are they actually for?

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    The "stamp" is done in the Schengen visa database. Immigration officers doesn't trust the visa or the stamps, many people tried to modify the dates. Note: since some months, the checks are done in a systematic manner [the check in the database, (which caused problems/delays on return flight of many holidays sites for British people)] – Giacomo Catenazzi Dec 23 '17 at 10:11
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    @GiacomoCatenazzi which database are you referring to? VIS does not track entries/exits. SIS is only about refusals. I'm not aware of any Schengen databases tracking entries/exits across the whole Schengen area. – George Y. Dec 24 '17 at 16:11
  • @GiacomoCatenazzi This comment is just wrong. Neither SIS nor VIS records entries and exits – Crazydre Dec 24 '17 at 17:02
  • @GeorgeY. There's no such thing, although some member states do record entries and exits of non-EU/EFTA citizens for their own use. Germany is not one of them – Crazydre Dec 24 '17 at 17:04
  • @Coke I assume every EU country records entries of non-EU/EEA citizens through their borders. Germany is actually in the best position for it since it doesn't have non-Schengen land crossings (where such recording might be an issue - i.e. on a train/bus - they do carry portable scanners there though). This is necessary to reestablish lawful presence if, for example, one's passport was stolen. – George Y. Dec 24 '17 at 18:25
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Germany does not stamp passports of residence permit holders, and it is possible that the officer assumed you're a resident (most D visa holders are) and therefore did not stamp you.

If you're not a resident, you should've explained it to her and she should've stamped you out.

In this case, my recommendation would be to e-mail the police at Frankfurt Airport at bpold.frankfurt@polizei.bund.de, attaching a copy of your passport, visa and boarding pass, explain your situation and ask what to do.

  • How does Germany maintain such a policy when it clearly contradicts the explicit requirement in Article 11 of the Schengen Borders Code? – phoog Dec 24 '17 at 18:14
  • It also contradicts with OP's statement that "However for my other visits I've always received the stamp, both under type C and type D travels". If there was such a policy, it would apply uniformly. – George Y. Dec 24 '17 at 18:19
  • Agree with this answer. Experienced this first hand as a D visa holder. Same case with my friends who are scattered across Germany and have departed from different airports. Stamp was given only on first entry! Never on later exits or entries. – trollster Dec 24 '17 at 18:24
  • @phoog Dunno, but it does, as does Switzerland and (IIRC) Slovenia. In Sweden, France and Hungary, however, the policy is to stamp residence permit holders, although as we know the French often don't give a damn – Crazydre Dec 24 '17 at 18:42
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This is quite an interesting case. Let's see question #1 first:

Is the exit stamp not necessary in this case?

My understanding is that it was necessary, and I think the Immigration made a mistake here.

Schengen Borders Code Article 11 states it clearly that:

  1. The travel documents of third-country nationals shall be systematically stamped on entry and exit.

However there are exclusions (also in Article 11):

  1. No entry or exit stamp shall be affixed:

...skipped a-f...

(g) to the travel documents of nationals of third countries who present a residence card provided for in Directive 2004/38/EC.

So it looks like the officer though that your D visa is the same as "a residence card provided for in Directive 2004/38/EC". It however is not, because the Directive 2004/38/EC only speaks about residence cards of Union citizen family members, and not about other long term visas (employment, study etc).

This is further supported by more text on Article 11:

The travel documents of nationals of third countries who are members of the family of nationals of third countries enjoying the right of free movement under Union law, but who do not present the residence card provided for in Directive 2004/38/EC, shall be stamped on entry and exit.

Thus it is not enough just to be a Union citizen family member to avoid the stamp - one must also present (not just possess) the residence card to Border control.

Since you didn't present the residence card (no mention of that in your post), you should have received the stamp.

Now, the question #2:

Will this cause issues for me in the future? (I now have one entry to Germany at the end of November, but no exit)

Theoretically possible, but unlikely.

As far as I'm aware, there is no single shared database (yet) registering Schengen entries/exits across the member countries - each country has their own database. Thus if you enter through another Schengen country next time and it happens after visa expiration, you theoretically might have to prove you didn't overstay your visa. While German authorities will have this information in their system, other countries will not know about that and would have no easy way to check it. Thus handing on your boarding pass and having other stamps outside Schengen area during this time frame would be helpful.

Saying so, practically you are unlikely to have issues. There's a number of Schengen countries where the immigration officers only stamp passports when they're in mood. Spain and Italy are typical, several times there my passport was not stamped on entry or exit, and couple times it wasn't even scanned (this never happened in Germany though).

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    If trying to exit through Sweden, Switzerland, Germany or the Netherlands without an entry stamp, you may well get in trouble – Crazydre Dec 24 '17 at 18:47
  • +1 for the Netherlands. They are extremely through and have to say, very polite and professional too. – Burhan Khalid Dec 25 '17 at 3:47

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