Of course you can reapply immediately, but it is probably not a good idea.
The French officials believe that you might try to immigrate illegally.
You have to convince them that you are a real tourist or business traveler (item 8) who does want to return to the Philippines after the trip (item 9). The French authorities want visitors to come, but they also want to be certain that the applicant is a visitor.
- As a business traveler, you need to explain what you want to do in France and that you fit the profile of an employee who would be sent to France (a major business expense) and who would return to work in the Philippines. As a freelancer you are your own employee, but the same principle applies.
- As a tourist, you need to explain that you fit the profile of somebody who will spend thousands of Euros on a luxury expense and who would return to live in the Philippines afterwards. That means a good, steady, and well-documented income, and ties to the local economy/society.
If you submitted all those documents, and they were not enough, then the next application won't have a different outcome. This is not a lottery, they have rules and procedures, and similar applications get similar answers.