I have a European passport issued in Estonia and ID card. In my passport the nationality stated as Belarusian, as I was born there, but I have been living in Estonia for more than 30 years.

I am going to visit UK and I've checked the requirements online, my ticket says I have to go for a passport/visa checked/stamp. The airline booking form included nationality and country of issued passport fields, so I entered them as in my passport: Belarusian (nationality) and Estonia (country) correspondingly.

I was sure I do not need visa to visit UK as I'm EU passport holder and Estonian citizen which is in EEA.

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    Could you clarify what is your citizenship(s) ?. As it is, your post is quite unclear and confusing. – DumbCoder Nov 6 '17 at 9:46
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    It is rather unusual (in international terms) for a state to issue a passport to someone they don't consider their own national. Is the passport you have specifically an alien's passport? What does it say in characters 11-13 of the second line in the machine-readable zone? – hmakholm left over Monica Nov 6 '17 at 10:52
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    Nationality means nothing. If you are Estonian passport holder, then you are an Estonian citizen. That's the main point. – Suncatcher Nov 6 '17 at 11:39
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    What do you have in Citizenship field in your Estonian passport? – Suncatcher Nov 6 '17 at 11:40
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    Sorry , it was a confusion.I have put in when I was checking in online nationality as Belorusian as it has different meaning to us. I thought if i was born in Belarus my nationality is Belorusian but in my passport stated as citizenship and nationality is Estonian as I have EU passport . I don't have dual citizenshipship . Sorry if my post was not clear. Now everything is fine. I had to call airline and check in again with correct details as in my passport. Thank you for your comments. – Mila Nov 7 '17 at 15:48

It is a rather common source of misunderstanding in ex-Soviet Union countries. Soviet Union used to state your ethnicity in your passport, and in Russian language it is called "национальность" (natsionalnost). It is a second most typical confusion in ex-USSR immigrant/visa communities after "what should I put into Middle Name field"?

When the English language site asks for your nationality, they are asking for your citizenship (гражданство), and not национальность (etnicity). Thus you put Estonian as your nationality.

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    Some Americans also use "nationality" to ask about one's ethnic background. Confusingly, though, there is also a legal concept of nationality such that all citizens of a country are nationals of that country while the reverse is not necessarily true. This legal concept of nationality is also distinct from ethnicity, despite the fact that many languages use the cognate of nationality to denote ethnicity. – phoog Nov 7 '17 at 23:46
  • In my personal experience the use of the word "nationality" in various government or travel forms always means "citizenship". But you're right and the legal concept of nationality per se is very unclear in some cases - i.e. there seem to be a large number of British nationals who are not citizens BUT they are eligible for a British passport BUT not considered EU nationals by EU. Go figure... – George Y. Nov 8 '17 at 2:30
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    The legal concept of nationality is, in many countries at least, distinct from the related concept of citizenship, not synonymous with it. Some categories of British nationality, for example, do not even come with a right of abode in the United Kingdom, so it's not too surprising that these people are not EU citizens. In Mexican law, as I understand it, citizenship is tied to the right to vote, so everyone under 18 is a non-citizen national. This is the reason why governments often speak of nationality rather than citizenship: it's a broader concept that more accurately reflects requirements. – phoog Nov 8 '17 at 17:42

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