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28

French seems like an obvious choice: Spoken (to some extent, don't expect everybody to be able to communicate with you!) in 20+ countries, not much overlap with English, mostly standardized and easy to learn for English speakers (compared to Arabic or local languages), not limited to a specific region (unlike, say, Swahili which does enjoy some use as a ...


21

The strongest sunblock would be to wear a big hat and long sleeves and pants (preferably white clothing). I mean this with all sincerity. The only way to truly block the sun in the most effective way is to take steps to prevent it from reaching your skin.


15

According to this Wikimedia image you can find cheetahs around Africa and Middle East. Image is in public domain One of the easiest places to see Cheetahs (I saw a lot there) is Masai Mara National Park (Kenya).


15

I was in a situation where I had to mail in my passport for a visa - no problems for me. Allow an additional week in addition to the embassy's processing time, even if you choose next-day mailing options. Most importantly, use a reputable courier service (DHL/UPS/FedEx) with tracking capabilities. It's also likely that the embassy will require you to send a ...


13

I don't believe a definite list of flights exist, but here's what I found after a fairly exhaustive search. Buenos Aires, Argentina to Cape Town, South Africa on Malaysia Airlines Buenos Aires, Argentina to Johannesburg, South Africa on South African Airways Sao Paulo, Brazil to Luanda, Angola on TAAG Angola Airlines Sao Paulo, Brazil to Johannesburg, ...


13

Yes, I have successfully withdrawn USD from KCB in Nairobi a couple of times. Here is the location I have done this: http://goo.gl/maps/fvojb


12

Take a look at http://www.claudiocorallo.com/ His story is amazing, and he is probably one of the best cacao producers in the world. They do the whole growing of cacao to sell and they produce their own chocolate also. I know of a friend that went to Claudios farm in S. Tome e Principe and they have a guided tour where they explain the whole process of ...


11

I'll answer your first two questions: Technically, the road can be done with a normal car, but practically it can't. Too many bad patches, particularly between southern Egypt and northern Kenya or Uganda. That same stretch is also the most insecure. People are kidnapped, robbed and murdered on that stretch, though plenty, particularly locals, do travel the ...


10

An acquaintance of mine has traveled extensively throughout Africa -- every country bar Rwanda and Somalia, to be precise -- and he did it using six different passports, with no problems. (And before you ask, he's a diplomat, and you need a lot of passports when traveling to tinpot dictatorships that take weeks to process visa applications...) In case ...


9

Camalbacks are great for trecking, but they have two problems when climbing Kilimanjaro. At high altitudes drinking from the tube can leave you breathless as the time spent drinking while walking is time that you aren't breathing. This sounds surprising but it does make a difference with the low oxygen levels. On the summit day, the water in your camalback ...


9

I just got back from climbing Kilimanjaro, and we used a SteriPEN to purify our water. It's very small and easy to carry, and it only takes a minute to purify a liter of water (you basically just have to stir). It cost us $90 and was definitely worth it, considering how awful iodine tablets make your water taste. As for amount of water, I carried 3L each ...


8

Obviously it depends on where you go, and when you go. Different areas have different bugs, there is the malaria belt, and you'll need Yellow Fever vaccinations for some countries. The simplest answer to all this, especially if you're paranoid: be as prepared as you possible can. What this means: Have all appropriate vaccinations. This includes the ...


8

There are three methods to purify your water: boil, chemically treat or filter or a combination of them. Your guides will boil water for you, so you should not need to chemically treat the water they give you. However, if you are unsure about the water you get, you are free to do additional purification. MEC (Mountain Equipment Coop) has a nice article on ...


8

In addition to sunblock, long sleeves, a hat and sunglasses, you should also consider Zinc creams (Zinc Oxide). It's a physical barrier, resists sweating and for these reasons is what cricketers wear when they have to play in the sun all day. It's also hypoallergenic and is used to prevent some skin conditions (again by providing a physical barrier between ...


8

STP Airways has a weekly flight leaving from Lisbon. If you are willing to make a connection or fly on different date, Wikitravel has other options: Air Nigeria flies between Lagos & Sao Tome via Libreville on Tuesdays and via Douala on Thursdays. On Tuesdays TAAG Angola Airlines flies to São Tomé from Luanda (flight DT511, [3]). On Thursdays & ...


8

If you are really on the lookout for cacao and chocolate form start to finish, Chuao in Venezuela is the place to go. They do not have an official 'assist on the plantation' arrangement, but local life revolves around the process, and you will certainly be able to see every part of it, and taste the products at various stages. In my opinion, the BEST ...


7

Find a busy city in South America, say São Paulo Find the web site of its airport: Infraero (all brazilian airports) Look for a flight from São Paulo on an african company: Consulte seu voo, say South African Airways And you can find direct flights to Johannesburg. Another way would be to check national airline companies of major destinations: Cairo, Rio ...


7

Again, there are thousands of species in South Africa. There are 91 species of Antelope in Africa, MANY of which are in South Africa. Then there's all the game fowl, other birds, reptiles, amphibians and more. However, ones you SHOULD try you did pretty well with. Crocodile, Kudu, Warthog, Ostrich - good job. You also want to try Wildebeest - and ...


7

It seems that it depends if your friend want to get close to the mountain itself. It may be possible to get there overday from Nairobi to get som distant glimpses but it does not seem viable to go back and forth and do some climbing. This is also confirmed by a thread at kenya-advisor.com. There are several companies that arrange trips to the mount kenya and ...


7

Certainly much of Africa has them in their natural habitat. Tourist wise, an easy option is a flight to JHB (Johannesburg), and then east a few hours by car to Kruger National Park. I can personally attest that they are there - I have photos to prove it ;)


7

Fortunately, there are experienced travellers who have done these sorts of trips in the past. The various roads in Africa sometimes form together to make the Trans-African Highway Network. When possible, using these would be optimal as they'd be more serviced, more frequented, better condition roads, and arguably safer. You'd be joining Route 1 ...


6

As an aside, I would HIGHLY recommend "Swahili for the Brokenhearted" by Peter Moore. An Aussie travel writer (who I was fortunate enough to meet and hear speak at a travel show in London) he went overland from from Cape Town to Cairo, and the book would give you a great insight into what you might expect. Africa is VERY different to Europe, including ...


6

Grant you, this is about 20 years out of date now, but Michael Palin basically travelled this route in Pole to Pole. He shows what the roads are like, if as the Wikipedia article suggests is still unpaved, in Ethopia, and by the end of the hour in the documentary, you truly feel what its like to progress through the mud. Sudan is also likely to still be in ...


6

If you want to do it cheaply than you would be best off if travelling on your own (with a Lonely Planet guide, probably optimal group size is 4). I found public transport in Uganda reasonably usable between major cities (not very comfortable though), and in national parks you can always hire a guy with a 4x4 (to get around and do a game drive). Regarding ...


6

I like that you are keen to try different food and local customs, but as a South African, I can tell you that "game" meat is not such a big deal or favorite for us as you might think. Most South Africans eat the "normal" western meat options, ie beef, pork, lamb, chicken, and only rarely will you find variations on those. We see most game meats as a type of ...


6

My brother burns really easily and has started using SPF 75 He has noticed a difference between this and SPF 30.


6

When looking at clothing for SPF protection, you can use the guide at the Skin Cancer Foundation. I followed this that last 2 times I was in India.


6

The beaches of Sierra Leone are perhaps the most beautiful beaches in the world. In case you were around in the 1980s and remember the Bounty (chocolate bar) commercials, featuring a gorgeous woman on an even more gorgeous beach, these commercials were shot in Sierra Leone. I don't think diving or snorkelling is a big thing in Sierra Leone, but it's ...



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