I want to apply for an extended stay visa for Germany to visit a friend. I want to visit beyond the 90 days that American can visit Schengen countries without going through an application process. The German embassy website indicates that I need to fill out an on-line visa application form. The form asks for the length of stay but indicates that a number greater than 90 days can't be entered. I'm also asked to provide a copy of a plane reservation but I don't want to buy a plane ticket without knowing if I can stay longer than 90 days.
Does anyone have pointers for navigating the process?
UPDATE: After some digging around I found from the German Embassy Website that anyone who wishes to stay in Germany more than 90 days must obtain a residence permit. This information was hard to find because it is only stated in the section that deals with permanent residence. From the website:
Citizens of the United States of America, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, the Republic of Korea, as well as EU citizens may apply for their residence permit after entering Germany without a visa.