Next month I'll visit Thailand and (maybe) Malaysia. From 19th july to 20th august muslim countries celebrate the ramadan. When we were in Egypt, we didn't perceive that we were in ramadan, but in Dubai we had a lot of problems to eat or drink. So I would like to know which limitations or how easy-difficult is to eat and drink during ramadan in Thailand and Malaysia.
In Thailand, it depends on where you'll be going. Anywhere from Bangkok northwards, you won't notice anything in relation to Ramadan. There's a significant muslim presence in the south of Thailand (the sliver of land that borders Malaysia), but I don't know to what extent Ramadan celebrations there spill over into public life.
Malaysia is religiously tolerant, simply because there are so many different communities in that country. So, in the big cities, you might find areas where Ramadan celebrations are hard to avoid, while there will be others where life will go on as usual. Small towns could be markedly different, but I have no info on that, sadly.
Having been to both during Ramadan:
In all reasonably touristy areas in Thailand, including the southern resort islands, you basically will not notice Ramadan at all -- pretty much everything is open as usual.
Malaysia, though, is a different story. While you certainly can get drinks and food, most places that stay open do so a little discreetly, with curtains on the windows etc, and you'll want to show respect to people who are fasting by not eating, drinking or smoking in public. The flip side of the coin is that once the time for buka puasa (breaking the fast) rolls around at sunset, many restaurants will be packed with Muslims, so you may actually want to beat the rush and grab your dinner before 6! Out in the nearly 100% Malay countryside, though, virtually everything will shut down during the day.
(Anecdote: I once had the slightly surreal experience of walking into a packed KFC in KL Sentral, getting my dinner and sitting down -- only to realize that nobody in the restaurant was touching their food. So I took the cue, waited for a few minutes until the call to prayer started, and then joined the ravenous horde in tucking into my fried chicken.)
The other travel glitch to beware of is that the end of Ramadan (Eid ul-Fitr, or Hari Raya Puasa in Malay) is the local equivalent of Christmas, when everybody takes time off and goes back to their families. This means most transportation is fully booked for several days and even the traffic jams are legendary. Plan ahead so you can avoid travel at this time.
Thailand is over 80% Theravada Buddhist. I have lived here for years and the average Thai would not even know what Ramadam is - or at least would not think it concers them in any way. There are pockets of Muslims communities around Thailand.
In CM there is a fair sized community, they will honour Ramadam tradition, but are not at all extreame - so again, even if you stayed in the middle of their community you would not notice much (maybe a lack of food carts that day, but plenty around the corner!)
In the south, especially very far south around Yala, Narathiwat, Songkhla and Satun, the Muslims are known to be more extreame in their views (Malaysian) - but it is very doubtful you will be holidaying anywhere near these areas (if so Ramadam would be the least of your worried - not getting blown to pieces at the local 7-11 would be higher on the list!)