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Can non-Muslim people from non-Muslim countries (EU) enter the part of Jerusalem where the famous mosque with yellow top is located?

Are the police (or guards) at the entrance Israeli or Palestinian?

Who is the owner and in control of the area between Jerusalem and East Jerusalem, which on map seems to be out of Israeli lands? What laws apply? Is there a border and passport control like crossing from one country to another?

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up vote 18 down vote accepted

Jerusalem is no longer divided (it was divided between Jordan and Israel between 1948 and 1967). Israel controls all of it, and there are no check points or border control anywhere in the city.

There are security checkpoints at the entrance to the Temple Mount, but they're there to keep the Israelis (and weapons) out, not the foreigners (as opposed to what you might have heard, even though Israelis control all of the city, it is the Israelis, Jews in particular, who are banned from the Temple Mount). Most tourist can get in without a problem. Dress accordingly. On Friday's, religious holidays or when there're some occasional security tensions and alerts, some restrictions may be in place (usually for the Israeli/Palestinian Muslims coming to pray, but may also affect tourists).

The yellow capped building is not the Al Aqsa mosque, its the Dome of the Rock and it's not a mosque at all. Al Aqsa mosque is the gray and unattractive building in the corner of the Temple Mount compound, right on top of the Western Wall.

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After your comment I looked for Dome of the Rock but I do not understand what it is. What is it? It says it's a shrine but, what's the difference between that and the mosque there? Thank you very much. – Phil Mar 28 '12 at 10:57
Also very importantly, how is the travel between Jerusalem and Mount Scopus in between which there seems to be land out of Israel on map? Thank you very much. – Phil Mar 28 '12 at 11:09
@Phil: I think you should ask that as a question on its own. – user766 Mar 28 '12 at 11:48
For purposes of visiting, treat the Dome of the Rock as a mosque. It's a Muslim holy site, and you will need to dress appropriately and behave appropriately if you visit it. – DJClayworth Mar 28 '12 at 13:54
@littleadv You're right, Waqf only has day-to-day and administrative control while the Israelis do have military control (thank God!) – CodyBugstein Mar 7 '13 at 23:15

The Dome of the Rock is located on the Temple Mount. The Temple Mount is located in the old city of Jerusalem. The Temple Mount can be visited and you don't need a special permit for this.

There are a couple of gates in the old city of Jerusalem. All the gates are controlled by the Israeli police. These are security checks. However If you are not a Muslim you do have to enter the site through the "Bab al-Maghariba". This gate is located on the Western Wall Plaza. In fact if you are standing in front of the Western Wall, it is the covered bridge you can see on your right hand side. You have to pass through metal detectors and bags are x-rayed. Note that you can exit the Temple Mount through one of the other gates.

The Temple Mount is a highly religious site. Thus some decent dress is required.

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I believe the bridge has been closed for renovations (or going to be closed soon), so the entry should be from the old city, but better check when there what's the current status. – littleadv Mar 27 '12 at 22:21

In addition to the other answers: during Ramadan we were not allowed to enter Temple Mount.

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Who is the "we" that you are talking about? – DJClayworth Mar 28 '12 at 13:55
A friend and me... How is this related to the question? – Simon Mar 28 '12 at 15:41
If you don't say who you are, the questioner couldn't reasonably deduce whether it applied to him or not. – DJClayworth Mar 28 '12 at 16:40
Yes, DJ is right. I was looking at the subject from the perspective of an non-muslim non-muslim-nation eu citizen. ;-) Thank you. – Phil Mar 28 '12 at 19:28
Well, non-muslim EU-citizen – Simon Mar 29 '12 at 5:28

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