OK then, I'll give this a crack and modify some schedules I've found in online tours. It sounds fun. I'll allow for about a week in Bahia:
Thursday 2nd Feb (this assumes 2012). Arrive in Salvador, Bahia. Check in, relax.
Friday - Go see the city. There's a lot to see, and you'll start getting into the vibe for tonight. This night is the night of the Camarote Party.
Saturday - Was a big night! Time to relax at your hotel pool, beach, or see more the sights if you're a travel addict. Try some of the local food, do a tour, or just explore with friends or people you've met. Finally, head to the BLOCO. Party!
Sunday - It's beach day today. Go check out some of Salvador's best beaches. The best beaches in Salvador are located about 30 - 45 minutes from the city. It's a great way to relax amid all of the crazyness, get some downtime, and get a bit out of the main city.
Monday - If you didn't get enough of Camarote, tonight you could add All-Inclusive Camarote, which is one of Salvador's best features.
Tuesday - More sightseeing or relaxing, or if you still haven't had enough partying, choose if you want a CAMAROTE, a BLOCO.
Wednesday - all tuckered out? Head home!
This is adapted from ToursGoneWild.
For further activity ideas and to get an idea of what to expect, the Brazil Nuts Tours blog has a great page on Carnival in Bahia.