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Similar to how you can simply check the weather forecast to get a good sense of upcoming weather, is there a tool I can use online to alert me of an impending earthquake?

I am travelling in California right now and all these news reports on the TV are telling me there might be a bigger earthquake soon. I am staying here for a few more weeks and feel a bit paranoid thinking there might be an earthquake.

Is there a tool to get alerts for an incoming earthquake or possible earthquakes?

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The simple answer is that, no, there is no technology known to mankind that can predict earthquakes "like a weather forecast". –  David Richerby Aug 27 at 9:20
    
Also, the news are telling you that a bigger earthquake might happen because nobody knows, but it might -- and that's news. Whereas 'possibility of earthquake largely unchanged (and unknown)' isn't. ;) –  SpaceDog Aug 27 at 12:56

3 Answers 3

up vote 10 down vote accepted

Earthquakes are notoriously hard to predict, for the US they are working on this an early warning system which predicted the recent earthquake. Giving about ten seconds warning. Which I think may be less than you were looking for ...

In general if you're in an earthquake zone there's always a (remote) chance of a sudden quake. There are minor earthquakes all the time, a sequence of minor earthquakes does not make the 'big one' more likely. Arguably, smaller quakes relieve pressure and could make big quakes less common, but they could also move things in such a way that it does cause a bigger quake. People have been studying this for years and the best we've got is ten seconds warning ...

There are a few things you can do -- first find out if you're in an earthquake zone, check the local government for wherever you are or here's a nice map of them. Second, know what to do in the case of an earthquake. Finally know that earthquakes are pretty scary and can be dangerous depending what you're doing (i.e. driving over a bridge) but places that are in earthquake zones are designed to handle even relatively big quakes. Quakes on the scale of the Japanese one a few years ago are incredibly rare and honestly not really worth worrying about (if it happens, it happens).

You can track recent earthquakes on various sites and, yes, there are apps for that -- here's the Red Cross one.

One thing you can watch for is earthquake caused tsunamis, (or any tsunamis). These are (mostly) predictable, often more dangerous than the earthquake, and getting a warning will give you time to take action. Here's the UNESCO page and there are apps for that as well but I've no experience of them so I don't want to recommend one at random.

There is a page at cwarn.org that looks like it covers a lot of the above.

I will say once again, earthquakes and other geological events are very hard to predict. Warnings often err on the side of caution, while some events still take everyone completely by surprise. It's one of those things you should know how to handle if it happens, and then try and not worry about it to much. I say this as someone that lives less than half a kilometer away from a major fault-line.

Quick Edit: The question was changed after I answered to be California specific, I'm not going to trim the answer just to that since I think it's generic enough to be applicable. The links I gave are still useful but for specific stuff consider the ca.gov earthquake pages and the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) .

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According to the answers to Is earthquake prediction possible? on Earthsciense.SE, no technology currently exists to predict earthquakes with enough accuracy and advance warning to be very useful, nor are we anywhere close to being able to develop it.

There is an experimental system called ShakeAlert being developed at UC Berkeley that was able to give a warning 10 seconds in advance of the severe shaking of the Napa quake on August 24, 2014 (by detecting and analyzing the initial, less damaging waves of the quake that had already arrived). This system is not yet considered mature or reliable enough to make its alerts available to the public, and since it appears to be the cutting edge of research, this suggests that nothing of any usefulness is publicly available.

Hence, the answer to your title question is you can't.

Your best bet is preparedness: knowing how to respond should an earthquake start, having emergency supplies on hand, staying in seismically safe buildings and structures, etc.

There are various services that will send you alerts after an earthquake occurs, but that doesn't sound like what you want.

Basically, living with that risk is part of life in California and other seismically active areas, and like the locals you simply have to get used to it.

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iow it doesn't detect the quake per se, but merely detects the quake starting and alerts people to grab a hold because something's happening :) –  jwenting Aug 27 at 13:02
    
@jwenting: Right, it's "early warning" rather than prediction. Not extremely useful for most people. I think the main intended use is for infrastructure that can be prepared automatically. For example, with 10 seconds warning, a gas company could perhaps shut down pipelines to prevent or minimize fires after the quake (which are often much more destructive than the shaking itself). –  Nate Eldredge Aug 27 at 13:37

If you have a Twitter account, you could follow people from a few key points near you in California. During the recent earthquake in Napa, CA, people started tweeting about the earthquake right when it was going on. Earthquakes travel at the speed of sound, but tweets travel at 2/3 the speed of light. This means that about 100 km away from the epicenter, the tweets about the earthquake will actually reach you BEFORE the earthquake itself.

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You won't get much warning (just a few seconds), but that's enough time to get away from glass, chandeliers, heavy cabinets and other stuff that can injure you.

SPECULATION: In theory, you can create an app that uses the accelerometer of your phone to monitor earthquakes as they happen, let them send it to a local server, and from there send out tweets and alerts. I can imagine that such an app is currently in development or even already in use.


In addition to using Twitter, the Federal government also has a special system based on celltowers that sends free messages to everyone in a certain area. http://www.ctia.org/your-wireless-life/consumer-tips/wireless-emergency-alerts explains how it works. You might have to enroll in it though, because your phone needs to be compatible. Contact your local mobile network provider to learn more.

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tweets may travel at 2/3 the speed of light (they really don't, though), but they don't take a direct path, either. Also, I don't know anyone who can thumbtype at 2/3 the speed of light... –  Flimzy Aug 27 at 9:12
    
@Flimzy It doesn't take that long to type a quick 3 word message about an earthquake. I can create a new tweet with that exact same sentence in Tweetdeck browser in less than 10 seconds, and I can imagine that a trained teen texter can make a tweet in that same time. –  Nate Kerkhofs Aug 27 at 9:16
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If the warning comes only a few seconds in advance, that means you need to react to every tweet you receive within a couple of seconds, in case it's the warning of the earthquake. You're also relying on the people who are actually in the earthquake tweeting about it instead of getting somewhere safe. Sorry but this is a ridiculous suggestion. –  David Richerby Aug 27 at 9:16
    
@DavidRicherby sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2014/08/25/… shows that people have sent tweets really fast. They also explain that the government has a special system to send free text messages to anyone within a certain area based on cell towers. I'll update my answer to include that second bit as well. –  Nate Kerkhofs Aug 27 at 9:23
    
@NateKerkhofs OK, so one person seems to have prioritized tweeting over getting somewhere safe (or maybe he already was somewhere safe). But most of that article is about people reacting on Twitter etc. after the quake because they wanted to reassure loved ones they were OK and/or couldn't get back to sleep. But, still, if you're going to use tweets as a warning of earthquakes, that means you have to react to every tweet you receive within seconds (or every one with "quake" in it), in case it's the really important one. You'll stop bothering after a million false-alarms. –  David Richerby Aug 27 at 10:15

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